The Scottish Doughnut: A safe and just operating space for Scotland
The world faces twin challenges: delivering a decent standard of living for everyone, whilst living within our environmental limits. These two interwoven concerns are depicted by Oxfam's Doughnut Model. It allows people to visualise a space between planetary boundaries (the outer edge of the Doughnut) and a social floor (the inner edge), where it is environmentally and socially safe, but also just for humanity to exist. It is where we must aim to reach. Â Â
Building on previous work undertaken by the Stockholm Resilience Centre and Oxfam's Kate Raworth, the Scottish Doughnut suggests areas of life, or domains, which might constitute a social foundation, below which no one in Scotland should fall. It also begins the process of identifying which planetary boundaries might be useful for incorporation into a national Scottish analysis.Â Â
The paper then provides a snap shot of Scotland's current situation by assessing performance against these suggested domains and indicators.