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Returning to Fragility: Exploring the link between conflict and returnees in Afghanistan

Returning to Fragility: Exploring the link between conflict and returnees in Afghanistan
40 pages

Authors
Kamminga, Jorrit
Zaki, Akram

Publication date
31 Jan 2018

DOI
10.21201/2017.1473

ISBN
978-1-78748-147-3

Publisher
Oxfam

Type
Research report

Huge numbers of people are returning to Afghanistan – more than two million since 2015 – while the country is still highly fragile, with ongoing fighting and internal displacement in many areas and high levels of poverty. Oxfam’s field research in Herat, Kabul, Kunduz and Nangarhar finds that for as long as these conditions do not improve, a safe and dignified return cannot be guaranteed, and forced returns remain irresponsible. With more people returning on a daily basis, tensions are likely to grow and pressure on scarce resources will increase, exacerbating inequalities in this unstable and fragile country. Sending Afghans back to volatile areas will likely result only in more displacement and fragility.

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