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Emergencies headlines from around the world

These headlines give the most recent updates from the current work, and areas of concern, of the whole Oxfam confederation. For further information on any of Oxfam's emergency response programmes around the world please contact the Humanitarian HelpDesk in the first instance. Please note, this page represents the latest updates where available and not a list of current activities.

10 January, 2017

Ethiopia

New refugees are fleeing fighting and hunger in South Sudan for the Gambella region of Ethiopia, and last week a new reception centre was opened at a place called Pamdong. 4,000 people are there now, and the number is expected to rise. Oxfam quickly set up two temporary water storage points for new arrivals, although the lack of containers for collecting it is a problem. Facilities for safe sanitation are also needed urgently, and we will be installing more of the tried-and-tested urine-diversion toilets which are designed to separate and compost solid human waste for fertiliser.

Zambia

Cholera is on the rise around the capital Lusaka and reaching alarming levels. The authorities have been testing the water quality of a large number of wells and a huge proportion were found to be contaminated. The Government has banned gatherings of more than five people, closed the border to trade with Zimbabwe, imposed a curfew for traders, and begum a vaccination campaign. We are procuring chlorine for distribution and planning a public health campaign. This is a bit challenged by the ban on bringing people together, but considering a house-to-house campaign instead. Our team is less used to responding to emergencies than teams in many other countries, but being very proactive and doing well.

Central African Republic

An upsurge of fighting near Paoua city forced nearly 60,000 people to flee their homes and seek shelter in town. We have a base there, already supporting 45,000 people, so we are well-placed to scale up our efforts to help more people who lack food, shelter, and public health facilities, and who are concerned for their safety. We are seeing what resources we can redirect towards this. We have also written a briefing paper, 'The Future of CAR is still at risk' because of chronic underfunding and persistent violence.

13 December, 2017

Bangladesh

There are now nearly 860,000 Rohingya refugees in Cox's Bazar, of whom 646,000 have arrived since 25 August. Not only has the pace of new arrivals made this the fastest growing refugee crisis in the world, the concentration of refugees in Cox's Bazar is now amongst the densest in the world Kutapalong mega-camp now holds over 400,000 people; the population of Miami by comparison is 430,000). While the chaos of the early days has subsided, refugees are in overcrowded, unsanitary conditions, and face many threats including gender-based violence, trafficking, forced prostitution, early marriage etc. The lack of lighting, unsegregated latrines, and lack of safe spaces are all concerning. Roughly 1,000 people continue to arrive in Bangladesh every day, and thousands are stuck in the border area known as no-man's land.

Cyclone season passed thankfully without any major incidents, but now water is running low, heightening concerns that the shallow tubewells previously installed in a hurry will run dry. Given they also risk being contaminated by their proximity to latrines, Oxfam engineers have been boring deep tubewells 200-750 feet down, in addition to introducing more sustainable 'styles' of toilet which don't contaminate the groundwater.

South Sudan

"We wish the love that we had for each other will come back again". Friday 15th December marks the 4th anniversary of the current conflict, and Oxfam is running a campaign on social media to give voice to South Sudanese people talking beautifully about 'their South Sudan' and remembering when times were better. The campaign was launched yesterday and will run till Friday this week. Please check out the Facebook and Twitter pages throughout the week, share and retweet!

Next year is predicted to be a very bad one for the country - with almost no planting going on, the lean season will begin in March rather than June, and hundreds of thousands more people will go hungry. Our team is already planning for a bigger food aid programme next year, while using our influence to call for civil society groups to be listened to more.

DRC

Publicity at last - BBC journalist Fergal Keane visited Kasai region and his trip is being broadcast this week on the BBC. 'The Hunger Road' is an 8-minute video about a 250km stretch thronged with destitute people. Keane asks our CD Jose Barahona if agencies are being asked to 'play God' by choosing who gets the half-rations we can afford, to which he replies 'we are not ready to play that role'. . Humanitarian aid for the DRC is so severely underfunded that we are having to scale back at the very time when more is needed - right now in Kasai we are preparing to drill a series of deep wells, while training volunteer health workers and running a radio show broadcasting cholera awareness messages. But next year we are likely to have to reduce our coverage in DRC in order to do useful work with the little we have.

Uganda

We are working with South Sudanese refugees in a number of camps. Given the terrible situation in South Sudan, these communities are highly likely to spend many years as refugees and therefore do need some form of livelihood. The Ugandan authorities have given families small plots of land for growing vegetables, and many are using this as an opportunity to sell food and set up businesses. Fuel is a problem - refugees leaving the camps to gather firewood are often attacked. Oxfam is working alongside partners to influence the idea of making fuel out of human faeces missed with rice husks which can be dried to make briquettes. Although many people have misgivings at first, it provides a safe and cheap fuel source and could easily be expanded to other communities, and maybe also make an income for the refugees.