Inequality in Honduras
Honduras is the third poorest country in the Americas (after Haiti and Nicaragua) in terms of income per capita; 70% of its population live under the poverty line, with 43% in extreme poverty. There are more women in poverty than men, and in the agricultural sector a woman earns on average 65 dollars for every 100 dollars a man earns. Of the 2.2 million rural women, 1.3 million live in poverty or extreme poverty, and survive through small-scale subsistence agriculture. This is becoming increasingly difficult as changes in climate and extreme weather are significantly affecting
production of basic grain crops, coffee, fruit and vegetables. The Global Climate Risk Index 2015 shows that Honduras is the most vulnerable country to climate risk with 55% of Honduran municipalities affected by drought, leading to crop losses, restricted access to water, food scarcity and decreasing incomes for rural families. Women are worst affected, as they are responsible for caring for their families, yet have restricted access to and control over resources, land, water, credit, information, health and education - all of which determine an individual's resilience to
The severe gender inequality in Honduras is not limited to economics or livelihoods. Social norms normalize violence against women and girls; a woman is murdered or a victim of femicide (sex-based hate crime) every 18 hours, and Honduras has the highest rate of femicide in Latin America and the Caribbean. Forty-three percent of victims are aged between 15 and 29. In recent years there has been a huge increase in the number of deaths, from 2.7 per 100,000 in 2005 to 14.6 in 2014, exceeding the world's homicide average. Youth are also in a vulnerable position, and are negatively
affected by the high levels of violence in the country. Although the government has ratified international conventions and enacted laws to protect the human rights of boys, girls, adolescents and youth, it has failed to ensure their implementation and enforcement.