Oxfam Policy & Practice - Private Sector Publicationsuuid:f6b901db-1d35-4d0f-a05b-91e1b8df648c;id=26302017-03-23T22:06:30Ze2a46778-c3c9-48d7-a5c5-f45518980b73Oxfam Submission to Green Paper on Corporate Governance Reform2017-03-22T00:28:46Z<p>Employing over 80% of the UK workforce and almost 5 million people overseas, the decisions made by UK companies on wages, supplier prices, stakeholder voice and resource stewardship can make a real difference to levels of inequality and poverty globally. For this reason, corporate governance and ownership frameworks are an ongoing area of focus for Oxfam.</p>
<p>Reforming the corporate governance...0ec4dfd8-2832-44b6-98aa-23bcc9be8135From Aspiration to Reality: Unpacking the Africa Mining Vision2017-03-19T02:12:42Z<p>The Africa Mining Vision (AMV) is a policy framework that was created by the African Union in 2009 to ensure that Africa uses its mineral resources strategically for broad-based, inclusive development. Eight years after its inception, implementation has been slow and there is a low level of awareness of the framework among key stakeholders in the mineral sector.</p>
<p>This paper shows that the...8b4abd52-6503-4d3d-83f1-3a67ce2994f7Raising the Bar: Rethinking the role of business in the Sustainable Development Goals2017-03-19T02:12:18Z<p>The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development gives business a significant role to play in efforts to achieve the SDGs, based on its ability to invest and innovate. However, for companies to truly contribute, they must move beyond current forms of engagement, abandon a narrow focus on the SDGs as an opportunity to increase corporate profits and embrace their wider responsibilities to the societies...ef002352-b5f9-4277-9b94-e1936a62386fWhose Crops, At What Price? Agricultural investment in Myanmar2017-03-19T02:12:10Z<p>After years of international isolation, Myanmar is liberalizing its economy and seeking to attract foreign investment. But while foreign investment can play an important role in developing the country’s agriculture sector, in the current environment of limited transparency and accountability, an increase in agribusiness investments poses serious risks to the livelihoods of small-scale farmers...13e6333f-6600-41b7-9ffc-782909b7c0a2Responsible Investment in Myanmar: Lessons from experiences of SEZ developments2017-03-19T02:12:02Z<p>As Myanmar navigates its rapid economic expansion triggered by the end of military rule in 2010, the development of special economic zones (SEZs) is a key element of the country’s industrialization plan. SEZs aim to increase foreign investment and economic growth using special incentives, services and regulations. Their success is usually viewed in terms of economic impacts, overlooking wider social...26699102-d895-47f5-8b46-2df5dd2a8e33The Dairy Sector in the Gaza Strip2017-03-19T02:11:56Z<p>Gaza's dairy sector has been severely damaged by Israel’s separation policy, blockade and three rounds of hostilities. The sector is now highly dependent on imports for production and consumption and is unable to compete with imported products. However, there are opportunities for the sector to grow and reduce its dependence on external markets. This requires donors to urgently invest in the sector...dd5f8622-e97e-4b58-a3c5-6274a675dc9eTax Battles: The dangerous global race to the bottom on corporate tax2017-03-19T02:11:35ZCollecting tax is one of the key means by which governments are able to address poverty and inequality. But big business is dodging tax on an industrial scale, depriving governments across the globe of the money they need to address poverty and invest in healthcare, education and jobs. This report exposes the world’s worst corporate tax havens – extreme examples of a destructive race to the bottom...704451b3-9a14-44fc-ac49-a10deebcdfceBurning Land, Burning the Climate: The biofuel industry's capture of EU bioenergy policy2017-03-19T02:10:51Z<p>There is overwhelming evidence of the harm caused by the European Union’s current bioenergy policy to people in developing countries, to the climate and to Europe’s own sustainable development. The policy is on a collision course with the Paris climate agreement and the United Nations 2030 Sustainable Development Goals.</p>
<p>This briefing follows the trail of destruction left by the policy on...7d62c342-59e2-47f0-83b1-45b4f8424384Independent Evaluation of Land Issues: TCCC’s and PepsiCo’s sugar supply chains in Brazil2017-03-04T06:10:33Z<p>Following the publication of detailed claims that their sugar supply chains were linked to land-related human rights issues, Coca-Cola and PepsiCo committed to showing zero tolerance for land grabs. As of early 2016, both companies have taken an important step by assessing the risks and impacts of their cane sugar sourcing on land rights in Brazil: Coca-Cola by conducting a baseline study, PepsiCo...d6a11053-a75f-4459-95ea-114716b0bb36Land Rights and Soda Giants: Reviewing Coca-Cola's and PepsiCo’s land assessments in Brazil2017-03-19T02:10:44Z<p>In 2013, Oxfam’s Behind the Brands campaign highlighted the risks and impacts for communities’ land rights from the sourcing of sugarcane by Coca-Cola, PepsiCo and other companies, and called for the companies to commit to demonstrating zero tolerance for land grabs. Coca-Cola and PepsiCo committed to showing ‘zero tolerance’ for land grabs in late 2013 and early 2014, respectively. Oxfam has been...00bb9e1e-f4d0-48fe-81a5-8ca906c48760Malawi2020: Vulnerability and Risk Assessment in the tea industry2017-03-04T06:10:15Z<p class="text"><span>In June 2016, Oxfam conducted a </span><a href="http://policy-practice.oxfam.org.uk/our-work/climate-change-drr/vulnerability-risk-assessment"><span>Vulnerability and Risk Assessment</span></a><span> (VRA) exercise in Mulanje, Southern Malawi, in the context of the </span><a href="http://malawitea2020.com/"><span>Malawi2020</span></a><span> Tea Revitalization Programme (Malawi2020)....2539aec6-3318-4b6a-a4a0-c89c94032f5fIdentifying Gender Inequalities And Possibilities For Change In Shrimp Value Chains In Indonesia And Vietnam2017-03-04T06:13:11Z<p><a href="http://www.oxfam.org.uk/graisea">Gender Transformative and Responsible Agribusiness Investments in South East</a> Asia (GRAISEA) is a regional programme which is funded by the Government of Sweden. Based on the recognition that financial viability and gender equitable and sustainable supply chains are not mutually exclusive, GRAISEA promotes win-win-win propositions: wins for communities,...1e6b83e2-879c-42b8-8507-3619a73cdb32Owning the Outcomes: Time to make the World Bank Group's financial intermediary investments more accountable2017-03-19T02:10:33Z<p>Over the past six years, the International Finance Corporation has channelled over $50bn to the financial sector, and its long-term investments in financial intermediaries such as commercial banks and private equity funds have dramatically risen by 45 percent over that same period. However, the evidence continues to grow that this private sector arm of the World Bank Group has little control over...2cba2e6c-7797-4bd0-8442-77a81986eb98Labour Rights in Vietnam: Unilever’s progress and systemic challenges2017-03-19T02:09:20Z<p>In 2011, Oxfam published a study into the gap between Unilever’s high-level policies on labour rights and the reality on the ground for workers in Vietnam. Oxfam has reviewed the progress made since 2011 and found that the company’s overall commitment to respecting human and labour rights has been strengthened as a result of effective leadership across the business.</p>
<p>In this report, Oxfam...cdc4f38b-ab71-43ca-8dec-c3a9f4835f11Feeding Climate Change: What the Paris Agreement means for food and beverage companies2017-03-19T02:09:10Z<p>The Paris Agreement marked a major breakthrough in support for climate action from many parts of the business community, including from key actors in the food and beverage sector. But despite significant progress, much work remains both to cut greenhouse gas emissions and to support the millions of people already hit by climate change.</p><p>As one of the sectors that is at highest risk of being...9dba9aed-9738-4f11-9150-cf446aa5c5d2The Use of Tax Havens in the Ownership of Kenyan Petroleum Rights2017-03-04T06:05:14Z<p>As an emerging petroleum producer, Kenya has the opportunity to use the benefits of its natural resource wealth to further economic and human development. The main factor within the government’s control that will determine the amount of potential government revenue from Kenya’s petroleum wealth is the set of fiscal (tax) terms offered to international oil companies to explore for new sources of...1ee4c66f-080f-4512-a3db-79b6d22f7353Potential Petroleum Revenues for the Government of Kenya: Implications of the proposed 2015 Model Production Sharing Contract2017-03-04T06:05:05Z<p>As Kenya establishes the terms for the future exploitation of oil deposits, one challenge is how to maximize the benefits to the country as a whole through design of the fiscal regime, and specifically production sharing contracts with oil companies.</p>
<p>This research report looks at the current model contract and asks whether recent changes are consistent with best practice and will contribute...4678008d-318a-4241-b716-3ac4d595414dMapping Risks to Future Government Petroleum Revenues in Kenya: A framework for prioritizing advocacy, research and capacity building2017-03-04T06:05:08Z<p>The loss of government revenue due to tax avoidance strategies by multinational companies has received significant attention in recent years in both developed and developing countries – it is widely accepted that the extractives sector is particularly vulnerable. Kenya has the opportunity to benefit from the lessons learned in other jurisdictions in order to maximize the revenue benefits it receives...4d936071-3ab1-4bbd-94cd-9a00901e7c90The Journey to Sustainable Food: A three-year update on the Behind the Brands campaign2017-03-19T02:08:32Z<p>In February 2013, Oxfam launched the Behind the Brands campaign to challenge the ‘Big 10’ food and beverage companies on their social and environmental policies and practices, and to amplify the voices of key stakeholders such as farmers, communities, consumers and investors calling on them to take action. This report provides an overview of the progress made over the past three years.</p>
<p>The...a006322a-c4b6-4cf9-b358-190159900bfdThe Weak Link: The role of local institutions in accountable natural resource management in Peru, Senegal, Ghana, and Tanzania2017-03-12T00:09:44Z<p>Extractive industries present potentially large opportunities for developing countries. However, advocates for responsible natural resource management are often frustrated by the fact that best-practice policy prescriptions are frequently ignored by governments in developing counties. As a result, there has been a growing effort to understand how policy decisions are made, and how political and...