Oxfam Policy & Practice - Livelihoods Publicationsuuid:03289585-aa85-48e1-9f49-c39a155ec401;id=4622017-02-23T07:13:24Zec26ada5-8bef-46f9-967e-455ab275191dThe Impact of In-Kind Food Assistance on Pastoralist Livelihoods in Humanitarian Crises2017-02-22T00:14:50Z<p><span>Pastoralists rely on coping and adaptation strategies that have historically allowed them to achieve high levels of productivity, manage the hazards and unpredictability of life in the marginal areas that they occupy and moderate the impacts of shocks (Butt et al., 2009; Hesse and Pattison, 2013; Morton, 2006). But despite the unique suitability of these strategies to their livelihoods, the...26c21f1c-209c-4aa2-b042-7e5e843414d6Red Gold and Fishing in the Lake Chad Basin: Restoring destroyed livelihoods and protecting people in Niger’s Diffa region2017-02-04T00:18:09Z<p>As part of its emergency response in Diffa, Oxfam in Niger undertook a <a href="http://policy-practice.oxfam.org.uk/publications/a-modified-emergency-market-mapping-analysis-and-protection-analysis-smoked-fis-620163">modified EMMA (Emergency Market Mapping Analysis) in November 2016</a>. The broad aim was to understand the effect of the Boko Haram conflict and the military operations to counter...13e6333f-6600-41b7-9ffc-782909b7c0a2Responsible Investment in Myanmar: Lessons from experiences of SEZ developments2017-01-27T00:17:05Z<p>As Myanmar navigates its rapid economic expansion triggered by the end of military rule in 2010, the development of special economic zones (SEZs) is a key element of the country’s industrialization plan. SEZs aim to increase foreign investment and economic growth using special incentives, services and regulations. Their success is usually viewed in terms of economic impacts, overlooking wider social...f223a1f4-51c0-4885-a818-549181a26438Governance in Myanmar: Evaluation of the ‘Building equitable and resilient livelihoods in the Dry Zone’ project2017-01-28T00:06:51Z<p>This evaluation is presented as part of the Effectiveness Review Series 2015/16, randomly selected for review under the governance thematic area. This report documents the findings of a qualitative impact evaluation, carried out in March 2016. <span style="font-size: 10pt;">The evaluation used PIALA (Participatory Impact Assessment and Learning Approach) to assess the effectiveness of the ‘Building...676dea5c-8079-42f0-a8e2-0fa2ecd18d12Stand and Deliver: Urgent action needed on commitments made at the London Conference one year on2017-01-26T00:01:02Z<p>On 4 February 2016, the international community agreed on a ‘comprehensive new approach’ to address the protracted Syria crisis at the “Supporting Syria and the Region” Conference in London. Donors, and neighboring countries, which host the vast majority of those who have fled Syria, committed to significant financial pledges and policy changes to improve the lives of refugees...26699102-d895-47f5-8b46-2df5dd2a8e33The Dairy Sector in the Gaza Strip2017-01-21T00:07:05Z<p>Gaza's dairy sector has been severely damaged by Israel’s separation policy, blockade and three rounds of hostilities. The sector is now highly dependent on imports for production and consumption and is unable to compete with imported products. However, there are opportunities for the sector to grow and reduce its dependence on external markets. This requires donors to urgently invest in the sector...43aad27d-b936-490d-8c82-ab5868e98b7aAccountability Review in Cambodia: Strengthening partnership towards participatory and accountable governance2017-01-20T00:20:22Z<p>This accountability review is presented as part of the Effectiveness Review Series 2014/15. The report documents the findings from a review carried out in December 2014 which examines the degree to which Oxfam meets its own standards for accountability.<br />The project works to ensure equitable and sustainable use of natural resources in 4 provinces in Cambodia - Kampong Thom, Preah Vihear, Kratie...c174e896-c868-4125-ad48-d7d8e5524750A Modified Emergency Market Mapping Analysis and Protection Analysis: Smoked fish and dried red pepper income market systems Diffa Region, Eastern Niger2017-01-05T00:21:52Z<p>Almost seven years of violent conflict in the Lake Chad Basin region of West Africa – involving Boko Haram and military operations to counter them – has led to a devastating humanitarian crisis. Originating in northeast Nigeria, the conflict has now spread across borders into Niger, Chad and Cameroon.</p>
<p>The people of the Lake Chad Basin region are some of the poorest in the world. Even under...fd2dcb05-22a5-4507-a1e1-9bb88ff0dba6Factors and Norms Influencing Unpaid Care Work: Household survey evidence from five rural communities in Colombia, Ethiopia, the Philippines, Uganda and Zimbabwe2016-11-17T00:32:57Z<p>In order to address ‘heavy’ and ‘unequal’ care work and to raise the profile of care as a cross-cutting development issue, Oxfam and its partners implemented a baseline Household Care Survey (HCS) in five countries in which the WE-Care project was active. In November/December 2015, a revised version of the HCS was carried out in these same communities. As a follow-up survey, the 2015 HCS monitored...b7e4d0ae-216a-4c40-8470-5ee5bddd170eHumanitarian capacity-building in Mozambique: Improving living and health conditions in Zambézia2016-11-20T00:05:05Z<p>Mozambique is described as the third most exposed African country to the risks of disaster, particularly floods, cyclones and drought. It is one of the world’s worst affected countries in terms of climate change, resulting in high levels of poverty and vulnerability, and major impacts on natural resources and physical infrastructures.</p>
<p><br />Oxfam is building the capacity of Mozambique’s...42034de8-fc01-41dd-91cd-acb2b0cc2d60Nurturing Civil Society in Mozambique2016-11-20T00:05:06Z<p class="Default"><span>In the last decade, Mozambique lacked an effective Civil Society Organization (CSO) network to facilitate national and regional links between CSOs. This meant that in governance, and particularly in advocacy, CSOs were not able to use strong, joint voices to engage duty-bearers.</span><span style="font-size: 10pt;"> </span></p>
<p class="Default"><span>The situation worsened...bb25f4b5-0f03-4638-a5d4-94033a3ae3c1Economic Recovery in the Gaza Strip: From emergency aid to more sustainable development2016-10-27T00:13:58+01:00<p>Gaza’s economy has been decimated both by frequent escalations of violence and by the Israeli-imposed blockade, which has severely restricted the movement of goods and people since 2008 and hindered recovery from the devastating conflict of 2014. This case study shows how Oxfam aims to contribute to economic recovery in Gaza, moving from emergency aid toward longer term and more sustainable development...c61c2b69-19aa-4369-858e-80149a0ac204From Grove to Market: Oxfam’s multi-stakeholder network approach in the West Bank2016-10-27T00:14:04+01:00<p>Oxfam and partners have been working since 2005 to develop and overcome challenges facing the West Bank’s olive oil sector, focusing on its export potential through quality improvements, organic production and attractiveness to the Fair Trade market. Oxfam has engaged many stakeholders in this process and has been instrumental in developing a collective vision for the Palestinian olive sector. This...b0b256a9-86fb-41cc-a5b3-87d5041db20cIncluding Women in Livelihoods Programming in Iraq: Influencing communities and other agencies in a fragile context2016-10-27T00:14:11+01:00<p>The number of displaced people in Iraq now exceeds 3.3 million (10 percent of the population). Women and girls have been particularly affected, and their ability to engage in livelihoods activities disrupted. Through a series of studies and projects, Oxfam in Iraq is working towards understanding community and conflict dynamics in order to engage vulnerable conflict-affected women in economic life....85a68ffa-0d79-4673-b1f2-8cea631d9aadStrengthening Armenia's Agricultural Sector Through Multi-Stakeholder Networking: A case study on the Agricultural Alliance2016-10-29T00:10:03+01:00<p>Agriculture plays a vital role in Armenia’s economy, yet insufficient investment means productivity is limited and many smallholder farmers live in poverty, unable to realise the potential of their land. In 2011, Oxfam initiated a multi-stakeholder network – the Agricultural Alliance (AA) – which brings together civil society organizations to work on joint initiatives and advocacy to address problems...fc2ad8e9-6f81-4ceb-9e6e-2a7f47b352c9Influencing Financial Inclusion in Programmes: Overcoming barriers to agriculture and enterprise finance2016-10-30T00:17:35+01:00<p>Barriers to agriculture and enterprise finance are the result of the risks that service providers and investors usually perceive when supporting smallholder farmers, particularly women. Some of Oxfam’s programmes have successfully increased access to financial and other services through building the capacity of communities and engaging with a network of stakeholders. By successfully influencing...4177fb15-30a5-42cb-acc9-c2ed0b647eb8Strengthening Livelihoods in Jordan: The Jordan Local Economic Empowerment and Development Consortium (JOLEED)2016-10-30T00:17:36+01:00<p>Oxfam has been working in Jordan on strengthening civil society since the early 90s. In 2013, Oxfam also started providing humanitarian assistance to Syrian refugees in Jordan. In 2013, Oxfam and four other agencies came together to create an informal working group called Jordan Local Economic Empowerment and Development Consortium (JOLEED) with the aim of improving coordination and sharing good...c1c6e0a6-7364-4ea8-a2b1-d9caceff9f70Enhancing Market-Oriented Urban Agriculture in the Gaza Strip: Networking for policy change and resilience2016-10-30T00:17:37+01:00<p>The protracted conflict and the Israeli-imposed blockade have had a devastating effect on Gaza’s economy. The movement of people and goods is severely restricted; 90 percent of factories and workshops have had to close; 80 percent of people are in need of aid; and exports recently fell to less than two percent. Oxfam is working as one of 50 member organizations of the Gaza Urban and Peri-urban Agricultural...00bb9e1e-f4d0-48fe-81a5-8ca906c48760Malawi2020: Vulnerability and Risk Assessment in the tea industry2016-10-30T00:17:34+01:00<p class="text"><span>In June 2016, Oxfam conducted a </span><a href="http://policy-practice.oxfam.org.uk/our-work/climate-change-drr/vulnerability-risk-assessment"><span>Vulnerability and Risk Assessment</span></a><span> (VRA) exercise in Mulanje, Southern Malawi, in the context of the </span><a href="http://malawitea2020.com/"><span>Malawi2020</span></a><span> Tea Revitalization Programme (Malawi2020)....2539aec6-3318-4b6a-a4a0-c89c94032f5fIdentifying Gender Inequalities And Possibilities For Change In Shrimp Value Chains In Indonesia And Vietnam2017-01-08T00:03:33Z<p><a href="http://www.oxfam.org.uk/graisea">Gender Transformative and Responsible Agribusiness Investments in South East</a> Asia (GRAISEA) is a regional programme which is funded by the Government of Sweden. Based on the recognition that financial viability and gender equitable and sustainable supply chains are not mutually exclusive, GRAISEA promotes win-win-win propositions: wins for communities,...