Oxfam Policy & Practice - Livelihoods Publicationsuuid:316b664f-5ffd-4b71-99d1-054a95c5382c;id=6322013-05-21T20:30:51Z8a659bf4-f576-4caf-9a05-1efee5c9e38aExploring the Links Between International Business and Poverty Reduction: Bouquets and beans from Kenya2013-05-13T00:03:52+01:00<p>Oxfam believes that companies, with the right policies and practices, can be part of sustainable and inclusive development. However, they can also get it badly wrong and can inflict substantial damage on the environment and on the rights of workers, farmers, and communities. Oxfam has developed tools, including the Poverty Footprint methodology, to assist companies in better understanding their...4d2ca427-4a47-4495-abb7-357e812961beUnderstanding Wage Issues in the Tea Industry2013-05-05T00:32:50+01:00<p>Wage levels are an issue of concern across the globe as individuals, companies and governments wrestle with how wages paid to workers relate to costs of living, corporate and national competitiveness, profitability and broader macroeconomic trends and challenges.</p>
<p>The project was co-ordinated by Oxfam and the Ethical Tea Partnership (ETP) at a global level, and funded by IDH (the Sustainable...84734f42-a3bd-405d-b88a-dc1f346f7b88Promises, Power, and Poverty: Corporate land deals and rural women in Africa2013-04-12T07:52:04+01:00<p>The rush to invest in farmland in Africa is having an immediate impact on women’s land-use options, on their livelihoods, on food availability and the cost of living, and, ultimately, on women’s access to land for food production. These are only the economic impacts. Women’s knowledge, socio-cultural relationship with the land, and stewardship of nature are also under threat. Too...37dca870-fc77-45d8-b820-56d63dad79c5Effectiveness Review: Food Security and Livelihoods Support among Fishers and Fish Processors, Democratic Republic of Congo2013-04-05T11:29:27+01:00<p>Oxfam GB carried out a food security and livelihoods programme in the area of Kasenyi and Tchomia, beside Lake Albert in the north-east of the Democratic Republic of Congo, from December 2008 to November 2009. In early 2012, a quasi-experimental evaluation was carried out to determine whether the impact of this work had been sustained. These reports document the findings of this process.</p>3a9422c4-c17e-4245-8dae-b7726d2a6a1fEffectiveness Review: Highlands Value Chain Development Alliance, Guatemala2013-04-05T11:29:49+01:00<p>The Guatemala Highlands Value-Chain Development Alliance is a initiative supporting members of several local producer associations in the Department of Sololá in Guatemala. These projects are implemented in partnership with the Asociación de Desarollo Agrícola y Microempresarial (ADAM) and with private-sector partners. In the first phase of the initiative, the activities...dec9414a-423d-4a26-a73b-7f6306c796ffWomen's Collective Action in the Honey Sector in Ethiopia2013-03-29T00:34:11Z<p>At first glance, the honey sector in Ethiopia seems an unlikely place in which to find women forming collective action(CA) groups, taking leadership positions, and benefiting from increased income generation. Beekeeping and honey production are largely male occupations. Over the last decade, however, women have begun to participate in CA in the honey sector in the Amhara region of Ethiopia, and...81cc34fc-85ff-4550-8274-31685251c767Women’s Collective Action in the Vegetable Sector in Tanzania2013-03-29T00:34:13Z<p>Women’s collective action (WCA) has provided significant opportunities for women to increase their role in vegetable markets in Tanzania, and enhances the benefits which they derive from this sector. Women already perform much of the labour needed to grow vegetables, whether in their own households or as casual labourers. However, men own most of the fertile valley land on which vegetables...8ffd32a7-4b25-4eb2-84f9-63d2bfaa907bWomen's Collective Action: Unlocking the potential of agricultural markets2013-04-04T00:02:20+01:00<p>Development actors are increasingly prioritising ‘investing in women’ to ensure food security and sustainability—as well as equity—in agricultural development. In this context, collective action is a critical but poorly understood way for women small-scale farmers to strengthen their engagement in agricultural markets. This report provides rigorous new evidence, from quantitative...a6ed98b4-63aa-40c1-8596-27a42d08ae4fWomen's Collective Action in the Shea Sector in Mali2013-04-12T07:52:01+01:00<p>The shea sector in Mali is fertile ground for women’s collective action (WCA). Shea production, processing and marketing are almost entirely female-dominated activities, and, in the four villages studied for the WCA research, the shea sector has always been exclusively female. Since the late 1990s, formally recognized associations and cooperatives have emerged out of pre-existing forms of...b048f34f-7fa9-425a-b13d-e6754a6071c0'I can do women's work': reflections on engaging men as allies in women's economic empowerment2013-03-22T01:01:37ZThe benefits of women’s economic empowerment are well-known and documented in
the development literature. Few studies and interventions, however, have explored how
men react or can be engaged to enhance such interventions. This article presents an
evaluation of a pilot project in Rwanda in collaboration with CARE Rwanda’s Village
Savings and Loan (VSL) programme that deliberately engaged men as partners...1d1a5ad3-3f11-4466-9ef8-3b934f509d47Challenges to Security, Livelihoods, and Gender Justice in South Sudan: The situation of Dinka agro-pastoralist communities in Lakes and Warrap States2013-03-29T00:34:09Z<p>In South Sudan, widespread euphoria following independence in July 2011 has given way to disappointment that expected peace dividends have not materialised. Many South Sudanese are experiencing insecurity, a lack of access to basic services, and increasing inequalities. Pastoralist and agro-pastoralist communities in remote border areas are particularly affected by insecurity and by a lack of social...b98d4903-097f-45be-b532-4baf900009a3Researching Women's Collective Action: End of Project Evaluation Report2013-05-21T20:50:24+01:00<p>This independent, end-of-project evaluation was commissioned by Oxfam GB (Oxfam) as part of its shared commitments and goals with the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation and in keeping with Oxfam’s ambitions to continuous improvement and learning. The report contains findings from an evaluation of the Researching Women’s Collective Action Project, a 3-year research project (Dec 2009...49653759-39f9-44f2-b6e1-51ecd30f5634Fertility differential by husbands' occupational status and income in Dhanbad district, Jharkhand, India2013-03-10T00:28:52ZThe paper attempts to find out fertility differential by husbands' occupational status and income level in Dhanbad district, Jharkhand (India). The mean number of children ever born (MCEB) is used to measure fertility, and monthly income as the income variable. Older and younger cohorts of women were examined separately for assessing fertility differential. MCEB was found to be high for women with...0bdc2f42-34b3-49a9-9a93-d039238d377dThe Enterprise Development Programme Annual Review 20122013-01-28T00:31:11ZThis report offers a cumulative picture of Oxfam’s Enterprise Development Programme
(EDP) over the last four years. It also marks the continuing evolution of the initiative as
it builds on the learning, challenges and achievements of this pilot model that aims
to create economic opportunities for some of the world’s poorest communities.f4c86f9c-c00a-4581-bd1f-48b9e809d7c7Effectiveness Review: Support to Coffee Farmers, Northern Haiti2013-01-30T16:13:48ZRECOCARNO is a network of eight coffee producer cooperatives operating in northern Haiti, which was supported by Oxfam since its formation in 2001. RECOCARNO has Fairtrade certification, which enables it to market the coffee produced by its members at a premium above international prices, with profits being redistributed to producers each year. These full and summary reports document the findings...df20f2e0-847a-4955-b258-e844eb1366deEffectiveness Review: Capacity Building for Rural Enterprise Development for Small Producers, Nicaragua2013-01-31T00:21:07ZThe "PRODER" project supports approximately 450 producers in three value chains – dairy products, cocoa, and wooden furniture – in three municipalities of the Atlantic North Autonomous Region of Nicaragua. It focuses on building capacity among producers to improve the quality of their production, facilitate their access to markets, and increase their negotiating power. These full and summary reports...5ce75de8-1ced-4b88-a80d-e757a90fa8e3Effectiveness Review: Livestock Commercialisation for Pastoralist Communities in North Dakoro, Niger2012-12-16T00:41:07ZThis project aims at strengthening livelihoods among pastoralist households in the rural commune of Bermo, in the Maradi Region of Niger. To achieve this aim it has facilitated the formation of a pastoralist self-help group and sought to increase household resilience to drought. These full and summary reports document the findings of a quasi-experimental impact evaluation carried out in December 2011...e1292af5-2121-41ab-908d-b504045cb024Beyond Ceasefire: Ending the blockade of Gaza2013-01-12T00:01:22ZThe ceasefire agreed between the Government of Israel and Hamas on 21 November 2012, following the recent military escalation in Gaza and southern Israel, provides an unprecedented opportunity to end the cycle of violence that has affected too many innocent Israeli and Palestinian civilians. In the ceasefire understanding, the parties agreed to negotiate ‘opening the crossings’ into the Gaza Strip...81025479-3129-4923-a71b-1734b3f6b731Commodities of War: Communities speak out on the true cost of conflict in eastern DRC2012-11-19T00:44:20ZMore than 760,000 people have been displaced in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo since the beginning of 2012, in the Kivu provinces alone. This reflects a new dimension to the ongoing crisis for the country. Areas that were relatively stable are again under attack as the Congolese army fights M23 rebels, and new localised armed groups spring up.
Evidence gathered from communities by Oxfam in 2012...9f5abccd-e4ae-4a2d-be2d-e818c28e724cCollective action and promotion of forest based associations on non-wood forest products in Cameroon2013-02-23T05:48:43ZThis paper documents collective actions undertaken by forest-based associations to access better prices for their non-wood forest products via group sales. Group sales can increase the income of group sellers by up to 40 per cent compared to individual sellers. The institutionalisation of group sales reinforces social relations and cohesion as well as mutual trust. Group sales were found to be a key...