Oxfam Policy & Practice - Hiv And Aids Publicationsuuid:d7ba8a72-4874-47a6-81b7-cafce25bced4;id=342013-05-24T20:32:44Zd52f7d71-9668-49f6-9464-e77e43aee4d5Islam and development practice: HIV/AIDS in South Africa2013-02-23T05:49:09ZThe role of religion in development is often neglected, whether this refers to the faith of intended beneficiaries, provides staff and volunteers with a motivation for involvement in development practice or influences the design and implementation of projects. This paper examines how Islam provides guidance for development practice, with a focus on addressing HIV/AIDS, using a South African case study....46ac88c0-44cb-4c7f-ba5f-1664d1d0f012Are faith-based organisations distinctive? Comparing religious and secular NGOs in Nigeria2013-02-23T05:49:13ZThis article presents the findings of a study of selected religious and secular non-governmental organisations (NGOs) working on HIV/AIDS in Nigeria. The study sought to identify whether, and in what circumstances, so-called faith-based organisations (FBOs) have distinctive characteristics with respect to their goals, values, organisational characteristics, and activities, compared to secular NGOs....e74126e1-358e-4225-9a00-cf8e002ea961Rethinking orphanhood and vulnerability in Ethiopia2013-02-23T05:47:22Z‘Orphans’ became a category of vulnerable children deserving special protection in the context of the global AIDS epidemic, and currently the notion of ‘orphans and vulnerable children’ (OVC), dominates much of the policy for protecting children across sub-Saharan Africa. Analysis of survey and qualitative data from Young Lives in Ethiopia found that parental death does not guarantee the often assumed...9e825880-8049-4d80-af97-614223c08264HIV/AIDS prevention: building on community strengths in Ajegunle, Lagos2013-02-23T05:50:05ZThis paper builds upon field research in Ajegunle, Nigeria, which suggests that effective HIV/AIDS prevention requires a much higher degree of independent community participation. In exploring ways to achieve this, we suggest that assessing community strengths provides positive scope for understanding and utilising a much wider variety of HIV/AIDS responses which have not been previously used in the...640a7e5f-1705-4334-a5fb-0f6171a522e2Gender, Faith, and Development2012-06-01T00:39:31+01:00Faith-based organizations have long been involved in charitable and development activities. However, the emerging openness to thinking about and engaging with religion in development raises some important questions. Does religious engagement in development policy and practice risk harming already fragile gender relations? What are the challenges and opportunities in negotiating the relationships between...69329b19-df79-4095-b4b0-02c2b44d4388Making aid effective at the community level: the AMREF experience2013-02-23T05:48:38ZEffective use of donor aid is critical in achieving the sixth Millennium Development Goal – reversing the HIV/AIDS epidemic by 2015. The Paris Declaration of 2005 identified five key principles for aid effectiveness: ownership, alignment, harmonisation, mutual accountability and managing for results. As civil society organisations play a critical role in implementing HIV/AIDS interventions, it is important...f535b781-6e1e-45a9-a553-7e8796791b5cThe Role of Faith-Based Organizations in HIV Prevention and Care in Central America2013-02-23T05:49:46Z6305672f-4cac-4acf-b565-ab3a089e2e1eThe dynamics of contemporary local-government policies and economic development in West Papau2011-08-18T12:16:59+01:00There have been enormous political, economic, and social changes in West Papua. Every governor of West Papua has designed programmes to boost economic development and reduce poverty. The influx of migrant workers under the 'transmigration programme' into West Papua has limited the job opportunities for indigenous people in the labour market. This article concludes that the local government's strategies...fe5e68d9-9a52-4714-899f-bce1f538643cWho cares? HIV-related sickness, urban–rural linkages, and the gendered role of care in return migration in South Africa2011-08-18T12:41:15+01:00Drawing on a 2008 household study conducted with internal and cross-border migrant households in Johannesburg, South Africa, this article explores the impact of HIV-related sickness and the gendered provision of care on migration patterns. Findings show that the provision of care helps to sustain links between the livelihood systems of urban and rural households. In times of sickness, many migrants...5aa4bc2d-534f-4606-81c1-6ce3979ce0deChurches, mosques, and condoms: understanding successful HIV and AIDS interventions by faith-based organisations2011-08-18T12:16:15+01:00There are an estimated 33 million people living with the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) worldwide. While national education campaigns have been successful in providing a broad platform of awareness of HIV and AIDS, within some countries faith-based organisations (FBOs) have assumed an important role in educating and supporting local communities to reduce HIV transmission. This article conceptualises...c67e5fb7-b845-4fcd-9d21-c87d361c1df3Service delivery on the cheap? Community-based workers in development interventions2011-08-18T12:16:18+01:00Within current neo-liberal approaches to development, models of community-driven development assume that community-based workers (CBWs) are key actors in improved and accessible service delivery. We argue that use of CBWs is under-theorised and seems to be based largely on untested assumptions about community participation and responsibility. Drawing on case studies on potable-water management and...8a5fef21-9741-4c01-9bca-702193dff2e9Why is development work so straight? Heteronormativity in the international development industry2011-08-18T12:16:40+01:00International development work has both reinforced and challenged inequalities related to sexuality and gender. The concept of heteronormativity is a promising frame for understanding these dynamics. This article starts with a description of the history of the concept and an exploration of its possible applications. It goes on to consider heteronormativity in development work, in relation to three...06998290-8640-46c6-88ea-4e8ad9c160b6Fat eggs': gender and fertility as important factors in HIV/AIDS prevention in Botswana2011-08-18T12:40:30+01:00This article examines the response in Botswana to the HIV/AIDS epidemic and some overlooked but key cultural factors that inhibit effective policy implementation. Specifically, this article highlights the importance of gender and fertility as they intersect with ideas of food, fat and social aspects of health in Botswana culture. Using ethnographic methods to understand the role that gender and fertility...f7ce5cb6-94cd-4598-a239-9bcc22483133Break Another Silence: Understanding sexual minorities and taking action for sexual rights in Africa2011-08-18T11:37:18+01:00This booklet is about marginalised sexualities and human rights. It’s written for people working in civil society and government organisations, with a focus on Africa, particularly the Horn, East, and Central Africa.
The idea for this booklet came from an HIV and AIDS forum, held in the Horn, East, and Central Africa region, for Civil Society Organisation (CSO) staff working on HIV. The forum focussed...27234d7c-565f-49f1-be64-b91eeb926d0aWidowed Mama-Grannies buffering HIV/AIDS-affected households in a city slum of Kampala, Uganda2011-08-18T12:39:20+01:00This article explores the experiences, challenges and coping strategies of urban elderly residents in Kasubi-Kawaala, a slum on the margins of Kampala city, Uganda. The city is mainly stereotyped as a space for able-bodied individuals able to hustle, innovatively compete for limited resources, and accrue themselves benefits. It is widely assumed that old age causes people to retire to rural areas....ca242e7b-488a-46c4-bcf9-260b5726d640Civil Society and UNITAID: An introduction2011-08-18T11:17:38+01:00Access to medicines is a major challenge for people in developing countries. With the right medicines, diseases such as HIV and AIDS, tuberculosis (TB), and malaria are treatable. Yet for millions of poor people, affordable medicines remain out of reach. UNITAID was established in 2006 as a new public health financing mechanism and a South-North collaboration. It is partially funded through an innovative...0ad336d4-b054-46a8-a146-64e90cba4230Changing families and communities: an LGBT contribution to an alternative development path2011-08-18T12:11:25+01:00Until now, most discussions on the place of lesbian/gay/bisexual/transgender (LGBT) people in global civil society have focused on their access to citizenship, rather than their socio-economic rights and role in development processes. This article argues that an alternative vision of development should challenge heteronormative family structures; build alternative, queer communities; wage activist,...34648bca-015a-4a3c-af2b-56fc2fc1ea86Probiotics in Tanzania: a multi-partner development project2011-08-18T12:11:26+01:00This article critically examines an HIV/AIDS development and research project in Mwanza, Tanzania. A group of women produce a type of probiotic yoghurt that has provided evidence of lowering the incidence of HIV infection. The yoghurt is consumed by the women, their family members, and local citizens living with HIV/AIDS; surplus is sold within the community. While the project's multi-partner, multi-disciplinary...aaf81523-d24f-429c-b77a-a8cd013ee843Leveraging Opportunities to Integrate Reproductive Health Services Into HIV and AIDS Programming: Integrated HIV and AIDS response in Manica Province, Mozambique2011-08-18T11:21:01+01:00Oxfam GB, in partnership with the Ministry of Health in Mozambique and with support from the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation, launched a two-year project in August 2007 that aimed to increase access to and the quality of sexual and reproductive health (SRH) and HIV and AIDS services, and to reduce the vulnerabilities associated with sexual and reproductive ill-health and HIV and AIDS, in Machaze...50a932ad-4019-4544-890f-47e55c68b2adCaring for people with HIV: state policies and their dependence on women's unpaid work2011-08-18T12:38:44+01:00This article explores the issue of women providing unpaid care for family members living with HIV in South Africa and Zimbabwe. State policies rely on women providing home-based care, in the context of failing health systems. This has the effect of impoverishing women, and reinforcing gender stereotypes. Recommendations will be given on how to make policies more gender-sensitive.