Oxfam Policy & Practice - Governance Publicationsuuid:4fd26bcf-de79-45f4-ac88-20ea784e1090;id=1402013-05-20T14:45:16Zf470c86a-13e7-450a-94de-9d0a13dea603Mali: A New Development Contract: What kind of aid is needed to end the crisis?2013-05-19T00:09:20+01:00<p align="left">Mali is the third largest producer of gold in Africa and yet one in five Malians still live in extreme poverty. More than 12 months of conflict, insecurity and human rights violations have further weakened communities. The north of the country is now facing its second food crisis in less than two years, with experts predicting an emergency situation in the coming months if nothing is...dec9414a-423d-4a26-a73b-7f6306c796ffWomen's Collective Action in the Honey Sector in Ethiopia2013-03-29T00:34:11Z<p>At first glance, the honey sector in Ethiopia seems an unlikely place in which to find women forming collective action(CA) groups, taking leadership positions, and benefiting from increased income generation. Beekeeping and honey production are largely male occupations. Over the last decade, however, women have begun to participate in CA in the honey sector in the Amhara region of Ethiopia, and...a6ed98b4-63aa-40c1-8596-27a42d08ae4fWomen's Collective Action in the Shea Sector in Mali2013-04-12T07:52:01+01:00<p>The shea sector in Mali is fertile ground for women’s collective action (WCA). Shea production, processing and marketing are almost entirely female-dominated activities, and, in the four villages studied for the WCA research, the shea sector has always been exclusively female. Since the late 1990s, formally recognized associations and cooperatives have emerged out of pre-existing forms of...796e51cf-3d29-407d-875a-0172015f0210Inequality Matters: BRICS inequalities fact sheet2013-03-31T00:55:44Z<p>Oxfam believes that reducing inequality is fundamental to fair and sustainable development. This fact sheet outlines trends in key dimensions of socio-economic inequality in the BRICS countries (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa), looking especially at education, gender, health, social expenditure and environmental sustainability.</p>
<p>The BRICS countries have growing influence in...a7de3584-6dc2-4e45-984f-4acb040259cfGetting It Right: The pieces that matter for the Arms Trade Treaty2013-03-14T00:16:22ZArms and bullets continue to destroy lives. Every continent in the world is marred by devastation caused by armed violence. Yet there is still no effective international regulation of the global arms trade. The need for an Arms Trade Treaty (ATT), which will create globally binding regulation of the international trade in conventional weapons for the first time, is greater than ever. Negotiators at...102c8e8f-0f2d-40ad-986b-976708446f15Donor in the Dark: Putting a spotlight on UK aid to small-scale farmers2013-02-28T00:37:39ZThe UK is the sixth largest donor to agriculture in sub-Saharan Africa. And, this year, the IF campaign is calling on the UK government to increase its annual support for sustainable small-scale food production by £425 million: a fair share of the public spending needed in agricultural and rural development to achieve the ambitious goal of zero hunger by 2025. But what are the UK government’s agriculture...cb9ec74e-9041-4006-99ec-d6c4aa930829Are women self-help group members economically more empowered in left-run municipalities?2013-03-10T00:29:06ZWho controls the income earned by members of women's self-help groups (SHG) from group activities – the women or their husbands? The answer indicates one dimension of the level of economic empowerment attained by SHG members. This paper examines whether identity of the person controlling the income earned depends upon the political party ruling the municipality where the SHG is situated. Two parties...c3b154f4-c553-439c-ad2b-3d48f8641be3Labour Rights in Unilever’s Supply Chain: From compliance to good practice. An Oxfam study of labour issues in Unilever’s Viet Nam operations and supply chain2013-02-07T00:00:11ZThis new Oxfam report, based on research in Viet Nam, explores the reality on the ground in Unilever’s operations and wider supply chain, and compares the findings with the company's high-level policy commitments. The company co-operated fully with the study, providing access to its staff, operations, data and suppliers. This enabled Oxfam to assess the labour standards in the context of international...ce5f67f4-7844-46b9-afd2-794f9fc2d6d8Poor Governance, Good Business: How land investors target countries with weak governance2013-02-09T00:54:36ZInvestors are buying up vast tracks of land across the developing world in a modern day ‘land rush’. New analysis by Oxfam explores where land is changing hands and why. It finds that investors appear to be targeting countries with weak governance in order to secure land quickly and cheaply – putting the homes and livelihoods of some of the world’s most vulnerable communities at risk. Oxfam’s GROW...47f00655-b40d-418f-af52-773928cf8df8Making Post-2015 Matter for Socially Excluded Groups in India2013-02-24T00:01:05ZWhat post-2015 goals will make a difference for those who are left behind by the country’s social development? As the deadline for the Millennium Development Goals draws nearer, the challenge of addressing inequality in the new framework is getting highlighted repeatedly. This paper examines the issue from the perspective of four groups in India that face acute poverty and social exclusion: women,...0bdc2f42-34b3-49a9-9a93-d039238d377dThe Enterprise Development Programme Annual Review 20122013-01-28T00:31:11ZThis report offers a cumulative picture of Oxfam’s Enterprise Development Programme
(EDP) over the last four years. It also marks the continuing evolution of the initiative as
it builds on the learning, challenges and achievements of this pilot model that aims
to create economic opportunities for some of the world’s poorest communities.5291d855-f364-4da2-83f6-38067627ef60The Cost of Inequality: How wealth and income extremes hurt us all2013-02-01T00:19:39ZAn explosion in extreme wealth and income is exacerbating inequality and hindering the world’s ability to tackle poverty. The $240 billion net income in 2012 of the richest 100 billionaires would be enough to end extreme poverty four times over, according to this Oxfam media briefing. It calls on world leaders to curb today’s income extremes and commit to reducing inequality to at least 1990 levels.
Jeremy...c9a25550-bb06-4020-b266-58c3e59f9c82Within and Without the State: Effective programming in fragile and conflict affected contexts: Workshop Communique, November 20122012-12-20T00:58:30ZThis 'Communique', from the Within and Without the State Workshop, captures the key messages from the workshop, identifies areas for development and suggests key ways to take these forward. It was developed by the participants themselves throughout the course of the workshop.fa3b5910-a194-4949-a305-7e0ad3e13284Salt in the Wound: The urgent need to prevent forced evictions from camps in Haiti2012-12-13T00:10:28ZAs the third anniversary of the January 2010 earthquake, which brought so much destruction to Haiti, approaches, this briefing note highlights the plight of the hundreds of thousands of Haitians still living in camps and still without adequate housing. Against this backdrop, displaced Haitians now face persistent and worsening threats of, often violent, eviction from landowners eager to get their land...0a4ed1d6-6229-4ee7-8037-5edeead3f62dThe Right to be Heard Framework: A learning companion2013-03-03T00:06:42ZThis practical guide is designed to help practitioners in choosing how and where to build programmes that address issues of governance. It explores how to render power visible – looking at the underlying power relations within a community in order to support people’s movements to demand accountability from the state. This includes looking at gender and women’s rights; finding spaces for dialogue; looking...f2c43f4b-8733-44ca-b49c-786b749ba21dTipping the Balance: Policies to shape agricultural investments and markets in favour of small-scale farmers2012-12-20T00:58:28ZA recent wave of large-scale land acquisitions and other commercial investment in agriculture has raised concerns that small-scale producers are being marginalized. Worldwide, around 500 million small farms support almost two billion people – nearly one-third of the global population. What role can public policy play in ensuring that commercial investment and agricultural markets benefit smallholder...a924c49a-d91e-4b3c-b04b-02f374d918dbFood for Thought: A civil society assessment on the state of play of the implementation of the Charter for Food Crisis Prevention and Management in the Sahel and West Africa2013-04-26T00:05:55+01:00<p class="Default">Oxfam has come together with civil society organisations across the Sahel to assess how well countries are faring in their commitment to more effectively tackle food insecurity. In February 2012, governments across the Sahel and West Africa adopted a Charter for the Prevention and Management of Food Crises, which laid out key commitments for all actors involved – including...034a76f9-68f5-491e-8969-beae30134edcPoverty and Inequality in Contemporary Russia2013-02-16T00:34:23ZOxfam has more than 60 year's experience supporting people to overcome poverty the world over. Since 2003, Oxfam has been working in the Russian Federation, where it has applied its international knowledge to work with civil society partners from Murmansk to Vladivostok and many places in between. From 2012, advocacy on pro-poor social policy has become central to Oxfam’s work in Russia. This briefing...eeb22cd9-dfd1-4dde-bf2b-508c49933e93Shrinking operational space of NGOs – a framework of analysis2013-02-23T05:48:32ZNGOs face many types of pressures that limit and influence their activities. While in many studies these pressures and the causes and agendas behind them have been the focus of analysis, this paper provides a framework that can give insight into the ways in which the pressures play out in diverse contexts and affect different NGOs in distinct ways. It develops an analytical model that combines the...866dcc57-7db0-4a36-8703-efd00c87ca72Power and Fragility: Governance Programming in Fragile Contexts: A Programme Resource2012-12-07T00:15:47Z'Power and Fragility: Governance Programming in Fragile Contexts' is based on work by the Institute of Development Studies (IDS)and brings together power and political economy analysis, and other research, undertaken in Rwanda, Myanmar, Yemen and Angola – in order to draw broader lessons for Oxfam for work on governance and citizenship in fragile contexts. The guide is written for Oxfam Country Directors...