Oxfam Policy & Practice - Debt Publicationsuuid:8df28126-8039-450e-9437-f8c5640cf5cf;id=1292013-05-23T17:21:40Z5a1eb482-8b04-4d80-bcef-9fa8f40122bdBetter Rules for a Better Future: Regulating private sector agriculture2012-12-03T00:31:37ZIn various communities across Southeast Asia, the unregulated influx of large-scale private agricultural investments has led to land grabbing, food insecurity and environmental degradation. Women, who are primarily responsible for putting food on the table, are especially affected by these problems. These challenges can be expected to increase as the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) moves...cab42c09-c8df-41bd-9f9a-c5ca7ce54f5aHow Can a Post-2015 Agreement Drive Real Change? Revised Edition: The political economy of global commitments2012-11-23T00:53:58ZWhat are the lessons of the Millennium Development Goals process to date? What has been their impact on aid and national government decision making? This paper seeks to inform the post-2015 debate by examining these questions. It argues that leverage over national governments and civil society involvement will increasingly eclipse leverage on aid as the determining factor of post-2015 success and discusses...a13d4a54-cd37-4ecc-a7e1-3a2c0d78e35cDebt-for-development exchanges in Australia: past, present and future2013-02-23T05:48:05ZDebt-for-development exchanges are one technique through which to address the ongoing debt crisis in the less-developed world. This paper discusses how Australia's first debt-for-development exchange, with Indonesia, came into being, and explores future possibilities for Australian debt exchanges. It is an interesting example of how activists and advocates can successfully pursue innovative public...9451decc-e4da-4b92-a56f-f455488f848bStrengthening the voice of the poor: religious organisations' engagement in policy consultation processes in Nigeria and Tanzania2013-02-23T05:49:17ZThis paper describes attempts in Nigeria and Tanzania to build the capacity of selected religious organisations to participate in policy consultation processes, by strengthening their ability to speak effectively to governments on behalf of poor communities. These attempts arose out of enquiries into the limited involvement of faith-based organisations in the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper processes...dc0194dd-b28e-4eb4-b5c7-a9e3e02029bfBe Outraged: There are alternatives2012-06-15T00:25:55+01:00An international group of economists and social scientists argue in this book that austerity is bad economics, bad arithmetic, and ignores the lessons of history. They are outraged at the narrow range of austerity policies which are bringing so many people around the world to their knees, especially in Europe. ‘Be Outraged’ argues that austerity measures and cutbacks are reducing growth and worsening...da73e452-ae7a-4c3e-93c0-8b72143140b5Risky Business: Intermediary lending and development finance2012-05-03T00:28:19+01:00This issue briefing highlights the increasing use by development finance institutions of financial intermediaries to channel their funding. It identifies features of this lending and the implications for affected communities’ access to land and resources. It also provides recommendations for addressing concerns related to these investments.41d02a68-6322-443f-9280-371ebde06674Can microcredit worsen poverty? Cases of exacerbated poverty in Bangladesh2013-02-23T05:50:07ZWorldwide, microcredit has been recognised as a successful innovation in poverty alleviation. However, some claim that microcredit exacerbates poverty in developing countries. This study examines cases in Bangladesh where microcredit has actually worsened poverty among borrowers and investigates the underlying reasons for this adverse trend. Our results show that microcredit can exacerbate poverty...27ca22cb-a290-4f13-ac97-85f518de4c5eLighten the Load: In a time of crisis, European aid has never been more important2011-09-21T00:23:43+01:00Last year poor people around the world endured the consequences of the food and energy price crisis. Today, the global economic crisis is inflicting serious damage on some of the most vulnerable economies in the world, and on the poorest people. In this time of crisis European countries should, more than ever, lighten the load borne by developing countries.
In the face of global economic meltdown,...1042816b-861f-48b4-92fb-7260c5aad0a8The Urgency of Now: A small book about the madness of inequality and poverty: how they're wrecking people's lives and why doing something about them will make things better for us all2011-08-18T11:28:10+01:00The urgency of now is essential reading for development, international politics, economics, and business students, activists and campaigners, and anyone interested in globalisation or development issues. In fact it's for anyone with a questioning mind. The urgency of now accompanies Oxfam's publication From Poverty to Power.1054b851-d917-4774-87a6-ab349b620ea5Debt and Public Services2011-08-18T11:36:32+01:00The debt crisis has its origins in the 1970s and 1980s, when rich governments and companies lent huge sums to developing countries, often knowingly to corrupt regimes and to serve their own political or commercial ends. Whilst there have been major steps forward in cancelling debt, in response to campaigner pressure, the rich world has still not taken full responsibility for these ‘illegitimate’ debts...e17c490c-7b3d-409a-963a-48cec430fd22The View from the Summit: Gleneagles G8 one year on2011-08-18T11:26:35+01:00On 31 March 2006 the Zambian President Levy Mwanawasa announced that from that day on basic health care would be free to everyone. This was made possible partly due to the money saved following the cancellation of Zambia’s $5 billion debt to the International Monetary Fund (IMF). A visit to the clinic for basic medicines, which until then had been the privilege of the few, became the right of all.43816564-f5fc-4df4-9504-ee3363372f5eJustice for Nigeria: Why the UK should return Nigeria’s £1.7 billion to fight poverty2011-08-18T11:25:52+01:00Nigeria, one of the poorest countries in the world, is in the process of giving a huge sum of money to the richest countries. UK organisations which are members of the Jubilee Debt Campaign are urging the UK government to return its share of this money to Nigeria to fight poverty.2ee39423-9b07-4a11-ad76-f88069c33c44Beyond HIPC: Debt cancellation and the millennium development goals2011-08-18T11:22:32+01:00The G8 has taken a welcome first step by agreeing multilateral debt cancellation for some countries covered by the HIPC initiative; but rich countries need to go much further if all poor countries are to reach the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). The ability of poor countries to fight poverty and reach the MDGs should be the basis of calculations to determine the necessary level of debt cancellation....5bb21bd8-91e7-4495-87dc-e688c4e05ef1Gleneagles: What really happened at the G8 summit?2011-08-18T11:23:13+01:00The G8 summit at Gleneagles in Scotland, from 7-8 July 2005, was a time of high drama, hope, and disappointment. A series of reports published prior to the summit, including the reports of the Commission for Africa and the UN Millennium Project, underlined the fact that without immediate and sustained action by the richest countries, poverty would continue to claim millions of lives and the Millennium...d7c3a535-9b30-4b73-a1f5-298ffa083ccfEU Heroes and Villains: Which countries are living up to their promises on aid, trade and debt?2011-08-18T11:36:59+01:002005 is already an extraordinary year. The tsunami in the Indian Ocean on 26 December 2004 caused widespread devastation, killed hundreds of thousands of people, left millions homeless, and plunged already poor countries into even deeper poverty. While the disaster has caused great devastation, the global wave of solidarity and public generosity that followed it offers grounds for hope. The outpouring...e3469165-2257-43c4-9f53-49d336631f92Do the Deal: The G7 must act now to cancel poor country debts2011-08-18T11:36:57+01:00The poorest countries in the world pay $100 million dollars a day to their rich country creditors, more than they spend on health. Along with increasing aid and reforming trade, debt cancellation is an essential step towards ending poverty. As the G7 Finance Ministers convene in London for their first meeting of 2005 they must act to cancel debt as the first step towards making poverty history.25370b4b-d393-4192-b9c5-6ee24995af0eMake Poverty History: A challenge to the British prime minister in 20052011-08-18T11:20:30+01:00The Make Poverty History campaign was launched on 28 December 2004 with the publication of this report, which challenges UK Prime Minister Tony Blair to do much more to tackle global poverty. Make Poverty History is a unique alliance of charities, trade unions, campaigning groups, faith communities and high-profile individuals who are mobilising in 2005 to drive forward the struggle against poverty...acaeeaee-9fc2-487e-a090-eb9e873a383dTo Lend or to Grant?: A critical view of the IMF and World Bank's proposed approach to debt sustainability analyses for low-income countries2011-08-18T11:21:00+01:00The IMF and World Bank have produced a paper outlining a new approach to donor financing for Low-Income Countries (LICs). The paper proposes a new set of considerations for analysing debt sustainability in LICs and therefore the levels of credit recipient countries can afford to take on. The need for a fundamental rethink of the World Bank and IMF's approach to debt sustainability is documented in...e6eea32b-ea3d-4f70-99f1-1c9ff935297fFrom ‘Donorship’ to Ownership?: Moving towards PRSP Round Two2011-08-18T11:23:49+01:00If poor countries are to reach the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), it is vital to learn the lessons from the first round of Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers (PRSPs). Despite opening some new space for dialogue, Oxfam and partners feel that PRSPs have been disappointing both in terms of process and content. Oxfam welcomes the review of the PRSP process by the Independent Evaluation Office (IEO)...c92285c2-abb5-40cc-a001-c4f75dd114beDebt and the Millennium Development Goals: A new deal for low-income countries2011-08-18T11:26:05+01:00The global consensus around the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) has elevated the development targets to the new “gold standard” of international development cooperation. This paper sets out the policy actions required by the World Bank, IMF, and bilateral donors if their stated commitment to the fulfilment of the MDGs is to be taken seriously.