Oxfam Policy & Practice - Conflict Publicationsuuid:8df28126-8039-450e-9437-f8c5640cf5cf;id=14742013-05-24T19:30:39Z2eb07a30-1329-4168-9d04-6a34fbe1504dNo Accident: Resilience and the inequality of risk2013-05-23T15:25:32+01:00<p>A new international emphasis on building resilience offers real promise to allow the poorest women and men to cope with, and ultimately thrive, in the face of shocks, stresses, and uncertainty. But only if risk is more equally shared globally and across societies - this will require a major shift in our approach to poverty reduction and fundamentally challenging the inequality that exposes poor...f4b7f01f-5b2b-49b0-b562-8b078831ab12Overtaken By Need: The world's failure to meet Syria's humanitarian crisis2013-05-02T00:10:58+01:00<p>The human cost of Syria’s conflict has risen beyond all expectations. There are already more than 1.3 million Syrian refugees in neighbouring countries. Inside Syria itself, 6.8 million people struggle in urgent need of assistance.</p>
<p>This briefing describes how, as the numbers grow, the money to help some of those refugees and displaced people is running out. UN appeals have received...3fb6b523-e3a9-4e39-b149-1cba7c8962e4Upper Nile Refugee Crisis: Avoiding past mistakes in the coming year2013-04-11T00:25:29+01:00<p>With the next rainy season due to start in May 2013, concerted action is needed from UNHCR, the Government of South Sudan, donors and NGOs, including Oxfam, to meet the needs of both refugee and host populations. Oxfam recommends that seven key areas be prioritized: ending the conflict in Sudan; more reliable funding; timely relocation of refugees; better co-ordination to improve service delivery;...e1cfb7a1-b99b-4023-a483-567bef7948e8South Sudan Emergency Response in Maban County, Upper Nile State: Mid-Term Review Summary, January–August 20122013-04-06T00:48:59+01:00<p>Since becoming independent on 9 July 2011, South Sudan has faced many challenges. Poor harvests have led to severe food shortages, and there have been continuous conflicts across the border with Sudan. In September 2011, intense fighting broke out in the Blue Nile State of Sudan between the Sudan Armed Forces and the Sudan People’s Liberation Army (North). Thousands of people fled the fighting,...8e3db54f-4362-4b96-a14c-629bc90baba5'Before the war, I was a man': men and masculinities in the Eastern Democratic Republic of Congo2013-03-22T01:01:39ZHumanitarian interventions that confuse ‘gender issues’ with ‘women’s issues’ ignore
the complex nature of gender and its potential as a tool for social change. This article
reflects on this issue, in the context of an analysis of the relationship between sexual
and gender-based violence and hegemonic masculinities in the conflict zone of North
Kivu province in the Eastern Democratic Republic of Congo....a7de3584-6dc2-4e45-984f-4acb040259cfGetting It Right: The pieces that matter for the Arms Trade Treaty2013-03-14T00:16:22ZArms and bullets continue to destroy lives. Every continent in the world is marred by devastation caused by armed violence. Yet there is still no effective international regulation of the global arms trade. The need for an Arms Trade Treaty (ATT), which will create globally binding regulation of the international trade in conventional weapons for the first time, is greater than ever. Negotiators at...daaa49eb-c421-4685-91cf-02aa5fb707a5Mali's Conflict Refugees: Responding to a growing crisis2013-01-31T00:21:05ZWith conflict escalating in Mali, the aid effort to help some 145,000 refugees living in camps across remote, poor areas of the Sahel could become overwhelmed unless there is a step-change in the way aid operations are carried out. Since January 2012, nearly 375,000 Malians have fled the conflict in the north of their country. Some 145,000, the majority of them women and children, have crossed into...c9a25550-bb06-4020-b266-58c3e59f9c82Within and Without the State: Effective programming in fragile and conflict affected contexts: Workshop Communique, November 20122012-12-20T00:58:30ZThis 'Communique', from the Within and Without the State Workshop, captures the key messages from the workshop, identifies areas for development and suggests key ways to take these forward. It was developed by the participants themselves throughout the course of the workshop.e1292af5-2121-41ab-908d-b504045cb024Beyond Ceasefire: Ending the blockade of Gaza2013-01-12T00:01:22ZThe ceasefire agreed between the Government of Israel and Hamas on 21 November 2012, following the recent military escalation in Gaza and southern Israel, provides an unprecedented opportunity to end the cycle of violence that has affected too many innocent Israeli and Palestinian civilians. In the ceasefire understanding, the parties agreed to negotiate ‘opening the crossings’ into the Gaza Strip...81025479-3129-4923-a71b-1734b3f6b731Commodities of War: Communities speak out on the true cost of conflict in eastern DRC2012-11-19T00:44:20ZMore than 760,000 people have been displaced in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo since the beginning of 2012, in the Kivu provinces alone. This reflects a new dimension to the ongoing crisis for the country. Areas that were relatively stable are again under attack as the Congolese army fights M23 rebels, and new localised armed groups spring up.
Evidence gathered from communities by Oxfam in 2012...70f6a51e-7ad1-43cf-8b39-ff6524859e69Protecting Communities in the DRC: Understanding gender dynamics and empowering women and men2012-11-18T00:34:49ZArmed conflict has devastated large swathes of the Democratic Republic of Congo since 1997. Civilians in many parts of the eastern provinces still face constant threats of forced displacement, sexual violence, abduction, and extortion, not only from militia groups but in many cases from those who are mandated to protect them. Oxfam's protection programme in the DRC aims to strengthen the ability of...85c33264-f21d-494b-a3a7-e957e14611e4Still Waiting For Change: Making the political transition work for women in Yemen2012-09-26T00:53:30+01:00Women played a key role in Yemen’s 2011 popular uprising, but almost a year on they are still waiting for change. This report draws on research from a series of focus groups with Yemeni women, and calls on the Government of Yemen and the international community to support the humanitarian response, and help ensure women play a part in the future direction of their country.15f18c41-1440-45ef-941c-e6376f912fcdYou Have Been Warned: One year on from UN declaration of famine, Somalia faces worsening food crisis2012-07-20T00:32:11+01:00In 2011 the world waited for the UN to declare famine before providing assistance on the level needed to save lives in Somalia – this delayed response wasted lives and money. We are now seeing warnings of Somalia slipping back into crisis and cannot afford to make the same mistake again – governments and agencies should respond now in ways that make people better able to withstand the next disaster...550e39cf-6313-4015-b8d8-0bbaefb76f6aRole of United Nations Peacekeeping Missions in the Protection of Civilians2012-11-26T00:23:44ZSince 1999, UN peacekeeping missions have been explicitly mandated to protect civilians under threat in the countries where they are deployed. However, there remains a significant degree of confusion amongst soldiers and civilians deployed in peacekeeping missions about what exactly their civilian protection mandate entails. Oxfam expects military and civilian staff deployed as part of a peacekeeping...e5c85a0e-8d07-43b8-a3be-f844ad75fc19The Final Countdown Compendium: A historic opportunity to deliver an arms trade treaty that saves lives2012-11-18T00:34:46ZAcross the world 2,000 people die each day from armed violence. Crucial negotiations for an arms trade treaty are taking place at the United Nations throughout July 2012. Oxfam's eBook 'The Final Countdown' explores the devastating impact of the arms trade and explains what the new treaty must contain if it is to be effective. It calls for strong and legally binding wording and explains the importance...47fb8d27-8fde-4748-abce-1d47b4161e18The Final Countdown: A historic opportunity to deliver an arms trade treaty that saves lives2012-07-05T00:11:29+01:00The arms trade is out of control. The irresponsible trade in arms devastates lives and livelihoods and the world can no longer continue turning a blind eye. In July 2012, governments have a historic opportunity to create a strong Arms Trade Treaty that builds a more secure future for all the world’s citizens. The Arms Trade Treaty must have clear, unambiguous language that covers all conventional arms,...d89c6723-d591-494d-88ff-47214abd4049The Accountability of National Security Forces to Civilians2012-11-26T00:23:45ZConflict-affected states require security and development, which are deeply interlinked. Security sector reform (SSR) is one element in building that security. It not only involves reforming security forces, but building up civilian institutions to oversee their work and uphold justice. Security forces must be accountable to civilian authorities and the wider civilian population. Effective SSR should...cb3519f3-74ea-4ae0-8ac9-b5756f23e90ePutting Women's Rights into the Arms Trade Treaty2012-11-18T00:34:45ZThis report complements the call for the inclusion of gender-based violence within
the Arms Trade Treaty by Amnesty International, IANSA Women’s Network,
Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom and Religions for Peace
International. It details the issue of gender-based violence and language needed
in the treaty. It also sets out how the threshold to determine the risk of an arms
transfer...84f515bd-96b2-4270-9255-3786d25e4d27Piecing It All Together: Why the Arms Trade Treaty must regulate parts and components for weapons and military equipment2012-06-29T00:48:58+01:00Modern weapons and military equipment cannot be made or maintained without parts and components that are sourced and traded around the world. Without regulating this trade alongside the trade in complete weapons, it will be impossible to reduce the impact of irresponsible arms transfers on human rights, security, and development. Between 2008 and 2011, the global trade in parts and components was worth...38bce58e-0b55-4408-abee-37559bde34ddThe ABC of the Arms Trade Treaty: Why it’s important – How will it work?2012-06-28T00:42:57+01:00The Arms Trade Treaty is a potential ground-breaking humanitarian treaty that would
regulate the international trade in conventional weapons. The Treaty will be negotiated at a
United Nations conference in New York between July 2 - 27.
There is currently no effective international legislation on the global arms trade. While there
are treaties on nuclear, chemical and biological weapons there is nothing...