Oxfam Policy & Practice - Conflict Publicationsuuid:1dbe4b91-8041-4abe-aea5-8b377f8abadc;id=4472017-02-23T07:13:50Zec26ada5-8bef-46f9-967e-455ab275191dThe Impact of In-Kind Food Assistance on Pastoralist Livelihoods in Humanitarian Crises2017-02-22T00:14:50Z<p><span>Pastoralists rely on coping and adaptation strategies that have historically allowed them to achieve high levels of productivity, manage the hazards and unpredictability of life in the marginal areas that they occupy and moderate the impacts of shocks (Butt et al., 2009; Hesse and Pattison, 2013; Morton, 2006). But despite the unique suitability of these strategies to their livelihoods, the...7b02867f-a16d-4ee5-a6be-474bbfd69300The Effectiveness and Efficiency of Interventions Supporting Shelter Self-Recovery Following Humanitarian Crises2017-02-22T00:14:51Z<p><span style="font-size: 10pt;">Shelter is critical to the survival of people affected by humanitarian crises as it provides safety and security, protection from the climate and resistance to ill health and disease (The Sphere Project, 2011; Zetter, 2012). Having somewhere safe, secure and healthy to live, with access to livelihood opportunities, healthcare and education is also fundamental to sustaining...3346e6f8-b0f4-4355-89e6-effc180e689bWhat Practices Are Used to Identify and Prioritize Vulnerable Populations Affected by Urban Humanitarian Emergencies?2017-02-22T00:14:53Z<p><span>Individuals and organizations responding to humanitarian crises recognize the need to improve urban emergency response and preparedness – including the need to devise better methods for assessing vulnerability within urban populations. </span></p>
<p><span>This systematic review represents the first ever attempt to systematically search, sort and synthesize the existing evidence in order...26c21f1c-209c-4aa2-b042-7e5e843414d6Red Gold and Fishing in the Lake Chad Basin: Restoring destroyed livelihoods and protecting people in Niger’s Diffa region2017-02-04T00:18:09Z<p>As part of its emergency response in Diffa, Oxfam in Niger undertook a <a href="http://policy-practice.oxfam.org.uk/publications/a-modified-emergency-market-mapping-analysis-and-protection-analysis-smoked-fis-620163">modified EMMA (Emergency Market Mapping Analysis) in November 2016</a>. The broad aim was to understand the effect of the Boko Haram conflict and the military operations to counter...33a9265e-6e02-4754-98c0-ba373fa8db45We Won’t Wait: As war ravages Yemen, its women strive to build peace2017-01-30T00:19:50Z<p class="text"><span>Conflict in Yemen has left thousands dead, millions homeless or hungry, and an economy in ruins. But hopes for peace talks are fading and a new approach is needed. Women and girls are particularly affected by the conflict and have a crucial role to play in building peace at the local level. Despite some efforts to assist them, women are not receiving enough practical support and...20295b3a-b610-431f-ad74-499cb2947d1cCivil society-led Emergency Preparedness for Women with Disabilities in Gaza2017-01-20T00:20:23Z<p class="Coverintroduction">Gaza has long been a place of desperate need, with huge challenges in all areas of civic life. Devastating escalations in violence not only destroy lives and infrastructure, but also hope and aspiration. In the midst of this, the most marginalized people are often ignored or forgotten. As part of the <em>Within and Without the State</em> programme, community researchers...676dea5c-8079-42f0-a8e2-0fa2ecd18d12Stand and Deliver: Urgent action needed on commitments made at the London Conference one year on2017-01-26T00:01:02Z<p>On 4 February 2016, the international community agreed on a ‘comprehensive new approach’ to address the protracted Syria crisis at the “Supporting Syria and the Region” Conference in London. Donors, and neighboring countries, which host the vast majority of those who have fled Syria, committed to significant financial pledges and policy changes to improve the lives of refugees...26699102-d895-47f5-8b46-2df5dd2a8e33The Dairy Sector in the Gaza Strip2017-01-21T00:07:05Z<p>Gaza's dairy sector has been severely damaged by Israel’s separation policy, blockade and three rounds of hostilities. The sector is now highly dependent on imports for production and consumption and is unable to compete with imported products. However, there are opportunities for the sector to grow and reduce its dependence on external markets. This requires donors to urgently invest in the sector...5a3b4e77-d29f-4b17-a0b5-37d3365ab509Where There’s a Will, There’s a Way: Safe havens needed for refugees from Syria2017-01-23T00:22:42Z<p>Oxfam’s research shows that less than three percent of the Syrian refugee population have actually arrived in rich countries through resettlement programmes. By analysing resettlement policies and practices in eight key countries, looking at capacity (i.e. investment in staff and facilities), security procedures, resettlement criteria and the general political climate towards refugees, this paper...c174e896-c868-4125-ad48-d7d8e5524750A Modified Emergency Market Mapping Analysis and Protection Analysis: Smoked fish and dried red pepper income market systems Diffa Region, Eastern Niger2017-01-05T00:21:52Z<p>Almost seven years of violent conflict in the Lake Chad Basin region of West Africa – involving Boko Haram and military operations to counter them – has led to a devastating humanitarian crisis. Originating in northeast Nigeria, the conflict has now spread across borders into Niger, Chad and Cameroon.</p>
<p>The people of the Lake Chad Basin region are some of the poorest in the world. Even under...4af0f3e7-6bfa-48d2-9c4c-e3564aa0b803Closed Borders: The impact of border closures on people on the move, with a focus on women and children in Serbia and Macedonia2016-11-27T00:12:15Z<p>In 2015 there was a huge increase in the number of migrants, including refugees, arriving in Greece and travelling along the Balkan route on their way to destination countries further north. According to UNHCR, more than one million refugees and migrants crossed the Mediterranean in 2015.</p>
<p>This report looks at the protection concerns of people on the move, especially women and children, in...507f842c-b23c-4d30-bc77-98f1a3d96939‘If we don’t do it, who will?’ A study into the sustainability of Community Protection Structures supported by Oxfam in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC)2017-01-18T00:22:47Z<p>What happens when an NGO returns after a few years to see the longer term effects of community-based programmes? This is what Oxfam’s Community Protection Programme did in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), conducting research in 30 communities to find out which protection activities continued after the original programme, and what influenced this. This report summarizes findings and recommendations...3c820286-e5a1-4117-a837-95bec8f06866From Pledge to commitment: How should donors engage to reconstruct Central African Republic during the Brussels Conference?2016-11-18T00:10:36Z<p class="text"><span lang="EN-GB">On 17 November 2016, donors meet in Brussels to discuss reconstruction in Central African Republic (CAR). During this meeting, the CAR authorities hope that international donors and partners will make commitments to help to restore peace and security, renew the social contract and revive the economy. </span></p>
<p class="text"><span lang="EN-GB">This policy briefing...0a468cc8-b00a-4d27-a255-ad427cc4321aCentral African Republic: Unprotected Zones. The suffering of the civilian population in Haute-Kotto2016-10-30T00:17:39+01:00<p>Although stability appears to be returning to the Central African Republic, the root causes of the crisis have not been resolved. Indeed, while there have been no intercommunal clashes in the east of the country, it remains in the grip of non-state armed groups. This briefing illustrates how the population of Haute-Kotto, which has been overlooked for decades due to the weakness of the state, risks...bb25f4b5-0f03-4638-a5d4-94033a3ae3c1Economic Recovery in the Gaza Strip: From emergency aid to more sustainable development2016-10-27T00:13:58+01:00<p>Gaza’s economy has been decimated both by frequent escalations of violence and by the Israeli-imposed blockade, which has severely restricted the movement of goods and people since 2008 and hindered recovery from the devastating conflict of 2014. This case study shows how Oxfam aims to contribute to economic recovery in Gaza, moving from emergency aid toward longer term and more sustainable development...b0b256a9-86fb-41cc-a5b3-87d5041db20cIncluding Women in Livelihoods Programming in Iraq: Influencing communities and other agencies in a fragile context2016-10-27T00:14:11+01:00<p>The number of displaced people in Iraq now exceeds 3.3 million (10 percent of the population). Women and girls have been particularly affected, and their ability to engage in livelihoods activities disrupted. Through a series of studies and projects, Oxfam in Iraq is working towards understanding community and conflict dynamics in order to engage vulnerable conflict-affected women in economic life....c1c6e0a6-7364-4ea8-a2b1-d9caceff9f70Enhancing Market-Oriented Urban Agriculture in the Gaza Strip: Networking for policy change and resilience2016-10-30T00:17:37+01:00<p>The protracted conflict and the Israeli-imposed blockade have had a devastating effect on Gaza’s economy. The movement of people and goods is severely restricted; 90 percent of factories and workshops have had to close; 80 percent of people are in need of aid; and exports recently fell to less than two percent. Oxfam is working as one of 50 member organizations of the Gaza Urban and Peri-urban Agricultural...58d4ffdb-2ed6-4858-b28c-0681b0b896ecThe Risks of Defending Human Rights: The rising tide of attacks against human rights activists in Latin America2016-10-27T00:13:57+01:00<p>Oxfam is deeply concerned about the worsening levels of violence, murder and repression against the men and women defending human rights in Latin America. This situation is linked to an economic model that fosters extreme inequality and has a negative impact on people’s basic rights. It is the result of harassment entrenched in a patriarchal culture, and governments' failure to fulfil their human...25759581-b645-43c8-a516-fdd952259d90From the Ground Up: Gender and conflict analysis in Yemen2016-10-30T00:17:35+01:00<p>Conflicts and humanitarian crises affect men, women, girls, and boys differently due to their different societal roles and the deep-rooted socio-cultural and economic inequalities which become exacerbated during crises. Men and boys form the vast majority of direct victims of armed conflict and associated impacts like forced recruitment or arbitrary detention. Women bear the burdens of running the...24814e24-c10a-4900-9075-07b07e3ebbcaPicking Up the Pieces: What Yemenis need to rebuild their lives in a country torn apart by conflict2016-10-23T00:23:24+01:00<p>Since March 2015, more than three million Yemenis have fled their homes, displaced by ongoing conflict. Many have been displaced for months or more than a year; they are quickly running out of ways to make ends meet. The situation is dire and getting worse, and hope for successful peace talks is fading. Both displaced people and the communities hosting them face severely depleted funds, runaway...