Oxfam Policy & Practice Publicationsuuid:f6b901db-1d35-4d0f-a05b-91e1b8df648c;id=26372017-03-23T22:07:50Z341cfb08-2d9b-45c0-a766-a7bd742a6896Combining Humanitarian and Development Approaches in Bangladesh: Using VRA and PCMA methodologies2017-03-23T21:44:29Z<p>Many rural communities in Tala, south-west Bangladesh are vulnerable to environmental hazards including water-logging, arsenic contamination, salinity and cyclones. Pre-crisis market assessment (PCMA) is used to support humanitarian programming based on an understanding of daily needs, how these change during crises, and how local market systems respond to these needs.</p>
<p>Using vulnerability...3ec2dfac-efab-4abe-aca0-b935643d91f7Joint NGO Briefing: Brussels Syria Conference2017-03-23T21:44:35Z<p>Today more than ever, the international community must share responsibility and stand firmly in support of Syria’s civilian population. It is clear however that the aid response, as vital as it is, will only go so far and cannot fully address the needs of Syrian communities to be free from violence and the violations of international human rights (IHRL) and humanitarian law (IHL) that characterize...d745e38e-a273-48d2-8cb3-cc1a4f6513c4From Beneficiaries to Buyers: Creating a viable market for toilets in the Philippines2017-03-23T21:44:30Z<p>In 2013, super typhoon Haiyan wreaked havoc on Eastern Samar and Bantayan Island and triggered a huge humanitarian response. Now the challenge is to support sustainable development. Having a toilet is a ‘<em>damgo</em>’ (a dream), not a necessity for poor families in the Philippines. If you didn’t think having a clean toilet at home was important before the disaster, why would it be important afterwards?...bb2b00bf-2f94-4c5a-86b8-faca790c8e9dSocial Accountability in Sierra Leone: Influencing for pro-poor WASH investment in the 24-month post-Ebola recovery planning2017-03-23T21:44:33Z<p>Oxfam is leading the Freetown WASH Consortium (FWC) programme in Sierra Leone, which aims to contribute to health improvement through specific pro-poor WASH interventions that are aligned to the government’s 24-month post-Ebola recovery planning. Oxfam’s strategy focuses on promoting citizen engagement and the translation of community needs into policies.</p>6e2037c6-4060-4bb8-af81-72642bae7df4Social Accountability in Tajikistan: Enhancing trust between communities and water service providers2017-03-23T21:44:34Z<p>Tajikistan was one of the first countries that signed up for the Global Partnership for Social Accountability (GPSA). Oxfam’s strategy on social accountability in the country focuses in three aspects: constructive engagement, enhancing trust through the Community Advisory Boards (CABs), and promoting women’s engagement. The programme has generated strong commitment from the government, communities...2b76d99a-98d7-4535-88ad-8138b9c16f21Social Accountability in Lebanon: Promoting dialogue in humanitarian and development WASH programmes2017-03-23T21:44:31Z<p>Oxfam’s work in Lebanon, both on humanitarian WASH and more long-term water development programmes, uses social accountability mechanisms to assess community needs, empower citizens and promote dialogue among affected stakeholders. This strategy has helped to unlock some tensions in an effort to provide basic rights and services to vulnerable people. However the situation in many settings remains...af9dc2d7-a95f-4607-add1-3d5a508e2069Treading Water: The worsening water crisis and the Gaza Reconstruction Mechanism2017-03-23T21:44:28Z<p class="Coverintroduction">In the wake of the devastating destruction in Gaza in 2014, the Gaza Reconstruction Mechanism (GRM) was established as a temporary measure to facilitate the entry of construction materials and a range of items classified and treated as ‘dual use’ by Israel. Two and a half years on, vital water sector recovery and development remains hampered and fully controlled by the...b643a6e8-bf70-4465-b28b-0ae4bd119cb2Social Accountability in Pakistan: Participatory governance in urban WASH2017-03-23T21:44:32Z<p>The urban context in Pakistan is complex and posses major risks for the most vulnerable groups. Following the results of a participatory analysis, Oxfam developed a strategy for improving urban WASH governance and accountability in Pakistan. The model is centred on citizens, with strong elements for influencing and networking. The inclusion of social accountability mechanisms is already showing...e7260296-bc43-47d1-af3c-2e08f752a5a9The Reality of the EU-Turkey Statement: How Greece has become a testing ground for policies that erode protection for refugees2017-03-19T02:13:00Z<p>One year ago, European states closed their borders along the Western Balkan route and EU leaders put in place the EU-Turkey Statement, a so-called temporary measure to stop irregular migration to Europe. Now EU leaders are declaring their approach a success.</p>
<p>The International Rescue Committee (IRC), the Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC), and Oxfam are providing humanitarian response on the...50aab683-76dc-470d-95ca-0d16829e9561Institutionalizing Gender in Emergencies: Case study of Ethiopia2017-03-19T02:12:55Z<p>This case study describes implementation of the project Institutionalizing Gender in Emergencies: Bridging Policy and Practice. The project, supported by ECHO Enhanced Response Capacity and Oxfam, has been implemented by Oxfam in Ethiopia between September 2015 and March 2017.</p>7b9b19c2-61e2-40c6-918a-179a016cc11dRecovery, Relapse, and Episodes of Default in the Management of Acute Malnutrition in Children in Humanitarian Emergencies: A systematic review2017-03-22T00:28:47Z<p>Severe acute malnutrition (SAM, or severe wasting) and moderate acute malnutrition (MAM, or moderate wasting) affect 52 million children under five years of age around the globe. This systematic review, commissioned by the <a title="Humanitarian Evidence Programme" href="http://policy-practice.oxfam.org.uk/our-work/humanitarian/humanitarian-evidence-programme" target="_blank">Humanitarian Evidence...e2a46778-c3c9-48d7-a5c5-f45518980b73Oxfam Submission to Green Paper on Corporate Governance Reform2017-03-22T00:28:46Z<p>Employing over 80% of the UK workforce and almost 5 million people overseas, the decisions made by UK companies on wages, supplier prices, stakeholder voice and resource stewardship can make a real difference to levels of inequality and poverty globally. For this reason, corporate governance and ownership frameworks are an ongoing area of focus for Oxfam.</p>
<p>Reforming the corporate governance...fef7d84e-dea2-4b0a-b15e-e771ff120ab5The Impact of Mental Health and Psychosocial Support Interventions on People Affected by Humanitarian Emergencies: A systematic review2017-03-22T00:28:45Z<p>This systematic review, commissioned by the Humanitarian Evidence Programme and carried out by a team from the EPPI-Centre, University College London (UCL), draws together primary research on mental health and psychosocial support (MHPSS) programmes for people affected by humanitarian crises in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). It investigates both the process of implementing MHPSS programmes...799f74d6-9d5b-478d-b7de-afbc85177777Training Manual: Gender leadership in humanitarian action2017-03-19T02:12:58Z<p>Gender interacts with multiple factors including but not limited to age, ethnicity, disability, caste, class, religion and environment, to determine an individual’s ability to be aware of, lay claim to, and access their rights and entitlements. In times of crisis – whether slow or sudden onset, climate or conflict driven – there are shifts in how these factors interact that present opportunities...4278e88f-7816-4fc6-ac02-93f684648ed6Women’s Empowerment in Armenia: Impact evaluation of the women's economic empowerment project in rural communities in Vayots Dzor region2017-03-22T00:28:42Z<p>This evaluation is presented as part of the Effectiveness Review Series 2015/16, selected for review under the women’s empowerment thematic area. The evaluation took place in November 2015 in Vayots Dzor region – Armenia. It intended to evaluate the success of the ‘Women’s economic empowerment in rural communities of Vayots Dzor region’ project in achieving its objectives: increasing household income...5967f187-e748-4aac-83e5-4976368e9af3Consolidated Gender Analysis for Disaster Response in Pakistan2017-03-19T02:12:44Z<p>Pakistan is highly vulnerable to disasters, but disasters have very different impacts on women, girls, men and boys. Moreover, organizations involved in relief efforts are currently not paying sufficient attention to the needs of women and girls. This analysis by Oxfam identifies the main areas where a gender gap is apparent, and puts forward recommendations for addressing these issues.</p>c0a4c21b-972d-485d-80b3-0bed66daee75Institutionalizing Gender in Emergencies: Case study of Dominican Republic2017-03-17T15:32:15Z<p class="Coverintroduction">This case study describes implementation of the project Institutionalizing Gender in Emergencies: Bridging Policy and Practice. The project, supported by ECHO Enhanced Response Capacity and Oxfam, has been implemented by Oxfam in Dominican Republic between September 2015 and March 2017.</p>0ec4dfd8-2832-44b6-98aa-23bcc9be8135From Aspiration to Reality: Unpacking the Africa Mining Vision2017-03-19T02:12:42Z<p>The Africa Mining Vision (AMV) is a policy framework that was created by the African Union in 2009 to ensure that Africa uses its mineral resources strategically for broad-based, inclusive development. Eight years after its inception, implementation has been slow and there is a low level of awareness of the framework among key stakeholders in the mineral sector.</p>
<p>This paper shows that the...caf02c25-c9b0-4d56-b4b8-275d82da4dd0The Human Cost of Uncontrolled Arms in Africa: Cross-national research on seven African countries2017-03-22T00:28:44Z<p>Prolonged conflict, proxy wars, and inter-communal strife characterize many regions in Africa. This violence has caused untold atrocities, deaths, sexual violence, and displacement, as well as accelerating poverty and shattering lives and communities across the continent. Uncontrolled arms in Africa fuel this violence and are increasingly putting lives at immense risk. This report provides evidence...8d86caf7-2db0-4802-980e-6081f0fd1f52Legislative Wins, Broken Promises: Gaps in implementation of laws on violence against women and girls2017-03-17T15:32:37Z<p>This multi-country research report examines the problem of implementation gaps – government failures to fulfill their legislative obligations to address and prevent violence against women and girls. It presents a comparative analysis of shortfalls between government commitments as laid out in laws, and the realities for survivors of violence as they try to access services and justice. Drawing also...