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Policymaking in a 'Christian nation': women's and LGBT+ rights in The Bahamas' 2016 referendum

Policymaking in a 'Christian nation': women's and LGBT+ rights in The Bahamas' 2016 referendum
14 pages

Authors
Wallace, Alicia

Editors
Sweetman, Caroline
Journal
Gender & Development Volume 25 Issue 1 Fundamentalisms

Publication date
28 Mar 2017

DOI
10.1080/13552074.2017.1286802

Publisher
Oxfam GB
Routledge

Type
Journal article

In 2014, a gender equality referendum was announced in The Bahamas. Four bills were presented in an attempt to neutralise transference of citizenship under the constitution and add sex to the prohibited grounds of discrimination. Dates were announced and postponed several times while the appointed Constitutional Commission conducted its educational campaign. In 2016, a new date was finally announced, and the campaign against gender equality grew in strength and number of supporters, led by religious leaders. Where misogyny failed, homophobia and xenophobia scared and angered the majority, and it became clear that the bills would fail in referendum. The No Campaign run by religious leaders, in churches and public spaces, was one that depended on fear, conservative leanings, and fundamentalist interpretations of The Bible. This article focuses on the experience of the gender equality campaign, focusing on the voice and role of the LGBT+ community, opposing legal authorities, and combating the harmful ideas put forth by fundamentalist and conservative elements in the Christian church over a two-year period.

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