In August 1998, the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) was plunged into a second war in less than two years. Today, exactly three years later, the country is still embroiled in a complex conflict, the effect of which is taking an unprecedented toll on the Congolese population. This report portrays the scale of the deepening humanitarian crisis, which is resulting in the death and suffering of millions of people. It also illustrates the huge gap between the level of humanitarian need and the current humanitarian response throughout the DRC. A war of this magnitude warrants a much stronger and better co-ordinated response among agencies, donors, and international leaders than has so far been the case.