The stakes of the current debate around Universal Health Coverage in India are high. The coming months will decide whether the government takes a proactive role in ensuring access to healthcare for all, or whether the status quo will prevail. The debate has polarised positions on a number of fundamental questions. How should healthcare be funded? What should be the role of public and private providers? How should the latter be regulated? The choices made, could determine whether healthcare becomes a reality for all, or whether a majority of citizens will continue to pay an unbearable price for poor quality services.