Background to pastoralism
Pastoralism developed out of the need to constantly adapt to the extreme climatic conditions and marginal landscapes of the drylands, and has proved to be the most economically productive and environmentally sustainable use of these remote areas.
Yet in recent years the drylands of the Horn and East Africa have become some of the most disaster prone areas in the world. This is due to decades of political and economic marginalization, which have eroded the pastoral asset base and disrupted migration routes and access to dry season grazing areas, severely curtailing pastoralists' abilities to cope with the most pervasive hazard - drought.
The Regional Learning and Advocacy Programme or REGLAP (which was known previously as the Regional Pastoral Livelihoods Advocacy Project) is funded by ECHO (European Commission Humanitarian Office) and aims to reduce the vulnerability of pastoral communities through policy and practice change in the Horn and East Africa.
REGLAP also seeks to promote the integration of humanitarian assistance with development interventions through disaster risk reduction (DRR) among governments, donors and national and international CSOs (civil society organisations).
The third cycle of the project has been running since July 2010 with a primary focus on Ethiopia, Kenya and Uganda.
Project objectives and focus
The overall objective of REGLAP is directly in-line with the Priority for Action 1 of the Hyogo Framework that seeks to ensure that DRR is a national and local priority with a strong institutional basis for implementation.
The project works in four key areas:
Civil society advocacy capacity:
Increase civil society capacity for documenting and sharing lessons learnt and conducting advocacy work around DRR.
Knowledge gathering and lessons learnt:
Harness and package existing knowledge, good practice and lessons learnt from community based actions and disseminate to key practitioners.
Good DRR practice:
Build a shared understanding of what constitutes good DRR practice and promote improved implementation.
Utilise leaming to influence the development and implementation of national and regional disaster risk reduction and related policies.
Oxfam GB leads REGLAP and a group of consortium members including Save the Children UK, Veterinaries Sans Frontiers-Belgium, Cordaid, CARE, RECONCILE (Resource Conflict Institute) and the Overseas Development Institute (ODI).
REGLAP is a member of the Horn of Africa Pastoral Network.