It is estimated that a third of the world's poorest and most vulnerable and marginalised people live in countries that have the least capacity or will at state level to deliver services and public goods for citizens.
These countries are also the most chronically-affected by conflicts and their aftermath. These fragile and conflict-affected countries are amongst the most challenging places for development agencies to work.
From 2011-14, Oxfam is implementing a global initiative aimed at improving the quality and effectiveness of programming in fragile and conflict-affected settings. It is working in four focus countries:
The project is building the capacity of civil society partners in these countries in order to identify and respond to specific challenges within their local fragile settings.
An 'outer circle' of conflict-affected and fragile countries is exploring how to engage with a broad range of state and non-state actors at multiple levels. A global knowledge and learning component aims to:
Ensure that internal and external target audiences have an improved understanding and awareness of how pro-poor change can be achieved via civil society in fragile settings.
Build a credible and useable evidence base on how pro-poor change can be achieved in fragile settings.
Within and Without the State is funded by UK aid through the Department for International Development's (DFID) Programme Partnership Arrangement (PPA) for work on conflict, security and justice, and humanitarian issues.