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Fiscal Accountability for Inequality Reduction (FAIR)

A woman breaking bricks into little pieces to mix with concrete for construction projects. (Credit: Saikat Mojumder/Oxfam Novib)

At a glance

The Fiscal Accountability for Inequality Reduction (FAIR) programme aims to tackle extreme economic inequality globally.


In our vision for a just world without poverty, people can participate fully and influence the decisions that affect their lives. However, extreme economic inequality is holding back the global fight against poverty and equality and requires urgent action. Oxfam sees fiscal justice as central to the fight against economic inequality. Progressive taxation and public spending - particularly on essential public services and social protection - have been shown to have a powerful redistributive effect, making them essential tools in the fight against inequality and poverty.

Our vision puts active citizens and the civil society organisations that represent them at the heart of our approach. For Oxfam, fiscal justice is about people having the space, voice and agency to exercise their rights in order to monitor and influence fiscal systems to ensure that they are fair, to mobilise greater revenue and increase and improve spending for quality public services for all. It is about redressing the enormous power imbalances that currently exist, as a result of which large corporations and wealthy individuals are able to exert hugely disproportionate influence over political and economic policies, favouring their own interests at the expense of the interests of the majority.

Our approach

The overall goal of FAIR is to ensure that 'Citizens are empowered to redress inequality of power and influence, so fiscal systems are more progressive, and governments implement tax and spending policies that benefit the many not the few. Our intervention has four long-term outcomes:

  • Tax systems generate more revenue and are made more progressive so the tax burden is more evenly shared and inequality reduced, particularly for women
  • Budgeting processes become more transparent and spending on progressive public services that tackle gender and economic inequalities increases  
  • Southern governments, representing the interests of their citizens, are able to influence progressive changes to global tax systems and to resist external pressure to privatize or otherwise limit the provision of publicly-funded essential services
  • Oxfam and partners access to skills building, knowledge sharing, evaluation and learning contribute to FAIR's outcomes    

In order to achieve our outcomes and goal we have four key strategies:

  • Citizen awareness, mobilisation and campaigning for attitude change, engagement and empowerment.
  • Capacity and alliance building for citizens and CSOs 
  • Strengthen dialogue and engagement with key decision-makers and informal power holders 
  • Research, advocacy and policy-influencing for policy and legislative change. 

Activities under FAIR are being implemented in: Burundi, Egypt, Ghana, Kenya, Mali, Malawi, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nigeria, Niger, Senegal, Uganda, Zambia, OPTI, Morocco, Tunisia, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Pakistan, Vietnam, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Paraguay, Peru, Nicaragua, Honduras, Bolivia, Cuba, India and Brazil.